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英语 单项填空 考点 介词
作者:HMGREEN  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2019-08-27  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin



英语单项填空考点——介词

 

【考点揭密】主要考点如下:

1. 常见介词的常用用法。如at, like, to, by, with, of, for, over等的基本用法。

2. 几组常用介词的区别。如表示通过through / across / over;表示时间in / on / at;表示in / after;表示地点方位的in / on / to / at / by;表示but / except / besides / except for;以及amongbetweenoverabovetofor等。

3.固定短语或习惯搭配中的介词。如已考过的有take notice of, walk / go over to, effect on, congratulations on, in sight, in other words等。

【命题趋势】

1. 题干结构复杂化,使其增加难度。

2. 考查的介词是常用的,但其用法却不仅限于教科书,如考查over (=while doing)“()…

【应试策略】介词的使用频率高,用法多而杂。一个介词有多种用法,一个接近的意思又可用不同的介词来表达。因此,我们要注意每个介词的用法,并及时归纳分类,弄清易混介词的用法异同,能够根据语境或交际条件灵活运用。此外,还要重视介词与动词、名词、形容词的习惯搭配。

【真题精选】(按考点规律排列)

1. They had a pleasant chat _______ a cup of tea.

A. for           B. with         C. during           D. over

2. The conference has been held to discuss the effects of tourism _______ the wildlife in the area.

A. in           B. on            C. at             D. with

3.—You are so lucky.

—What do you mean ____ that?

A. for       B. in        C. of    D. by

4. Luckily, the bullet narrowly missed the captain _______ an inch.

A. by         B. at       C. to      D. from

5. Marie Curie took little notice _______ the honors that were given to her in her later years.

A. of        B. on      C. about     D. from

6.—What do you want _______ those old boxes?

—To put things in when I move to the new flat.

A. by        B. for         C. of       D. with

7. The home improvements have taken what little there is _______ my spare time.

A. from              B. in                    C. of             D. at

8. Rose was wild with joy _______ the result of the examination.

A. to       B. at    C. by     D. as

9. The sunlight came in _______ the windows in the roof and lit up the whole room

A. through     B. across    C. on           D. over

10. _______ production up by 60%, the company has had another excellent year.

A. As    B. For    C. With   D. Through

11. The number of the employees has grown from 1,000 to 1,200. This means it has risen _______ 20 percent.

A. by        B. at      C. to    D. with

12. I wanted two seats _______ Madame Curie for Friday night, so I rang the cinema to see if I could book two tickets.

A. of      B. about    C. to     D. for

13. _______ most students, she was always well prepared and never came to class late.

A. Like     B. As     C. For      D. To

14. The train leaves at 6:00 p. m. So I have to be at the station______ 5:40 p. m. at the latest.

A. until     B. after    C. by      D. around

【真题详解】

1. Dover (=while doing / having / eating, etc.)意为()…期间。本题取自《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》P.1046over词条的原句。句意为:我们一边喝茶一边愉快地聊天。

2. B。表示产生后果 / 效果 / 影响effect on…

3. DWhat do you mean by that?意为你那么说是什么意思?”

4. A。介词by表示到某事物的程度。又如The carpet is too short by three feet.(那地毯短了3英尺)。本题句意为:幸运的是,子弹在距离船长一英尺的地方与他擦肩而过,没有射中他。

5. Atake notice of (注意)是固定短语。

6. D。由下文可知,是问箱子的用途。with表示某种工具。

7. C. have taken后是一个宾语从句;该宾语从句又是感叹句。其正常的语序是what little of my spare time there is,由于调换了词序,增加了难度。句意为:房屋装修占据了我那么少的业余时间。

8. Bat表示原因。be wild with joy at… 意为而欣喜若狂at常接在某些表示情感变化的形容词或动词等后面表示原因。

9. A. 表示某物体从内部穿过窗户要用throughacross 指从平面的一边横过到另一边;over越过某个障碍物。

10. Cwith 意为因为,由于(=because of)”as作连词时才可表示原因。

11. A。表示增加或减少了多少,要用介词by

12. Dseat指车上、戏院、音乐厅等的座位Madame Curie是电影名称;表示某部电影座位()”,用for。又如book two seats for the concert订两张音乐会的票。

13. A。介词like意为一样。句意为像大多数学生一样,她总是做好准备,上课从来不迟到。as作为for / to sb 对于某人来说。

14. Cby意为不迟于(not later than / before)”,表示5:40前我必须到达车站。”until与肯定句连用表示结束的时间,即我不得不一直呆在车站直到5(就不要在车站了)”after (之后)around (大约)与语境不符。

 

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