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介词after与behind的区别
作者:TianJT  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2008-10-23  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin



介词afterbehind的区别

 

两者均可表示……之后,其区别是:

1. after 主要用于时间或次序,behind 主要用于位置。如:

He decided to leave after lunch. 他决定午饭后离开。

Summer comes after spring. 春去夏来。

The hospital is behind the post office. 医院在邮局后面。

注:behind 有时也用于时间,表示迟于,主要用于 behind time(迟,晚)这一习语。如:

The train was 20 minutes behind time. 火车晚点 20 分钟。

2. 两者都可用于引申义,after 侧重指追求、寻找、模仿等;而behind 则侧重指在背后、支持、落后等。如:

The police are after her. 警察在追捕她。

Many young people are after her. 许多年青人都追求她。

We are behind you completely. 我们完全支持你。

He is behind the others in maths. 他的数学不如别人。

但表示随手关门时,after behind 都可以用,没什么区别:

Shut the door after [behind] you. 请随手关门。

Shut the door after [behind] you when you go out. 出去时请随手关门。

She went out, shutting the door after [behind] her. 她走出去,随手关上门。

I walked out and closed the door after [behind] me. 我走了出来,随手带上了门。

He banged the front door after [behind] him as he left. 他走的时候砰的一声关上了前门。

Wade stepped inside and closed the inner door after [behind] him. 韦德走进去,随手带上了里面的门。

He reminded her that he would have to lock and bolt the kitchen door after [behind] her. 他提醒她,在她走后他得把厨房的门上锁并闩上。 


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