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历年(最近15年200余套)高考英语语法题详解(2010全国卷II)
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历年(最近15200余套)高考英语语法题详解(2010全国卷II

 

6. —Is it all right if I keep this photo?

________. (2010全国卷II)

A. No, you don’t  B. No, it shouldn’t C. I’m afraid not  D. Don’t keep it

【答案】C

【考点】考查交际口语的用法。

【解析】此题可用排除法来做。除选项C外,其余三项或本身有问题,或与问句不吻合。句意为:让我保留这照片好吗?”“恐怕不行。

7. Tom was about to close the windows ________ his attention was caught by a bird. (2010全国卷II)

A. when                B. if                        C. and                    D. till

【答案】A

【考点】考查连词when的用法。

【解析】when在此表示这时突然,相当于and then suddenly。又如:I was about to go to bed when the telephone rang. 我正要睡觉,忽然电话响了。

8. My mother opened the drawer to ________ the knives and spoons. (2010全国卷II)

A. put away          B. put up               C. put on               D. put together

【答案】A

【考点】考查短语动词的用法。

【解析】对于考查特定语境中词语用法的考题,最好的方法是代入翻译法,即将四个选项分别代入句中再翻译原句,哪个选项使原句最通顺,哪个选项就是最佳答案。四个选项的意思分别为:put away意为放好”“收好put up意为建造”“张贴put on意为穿上”“戴上put together意为组装”“放在一起。根据句意,只有A最合适。又如:Put your books away. 把书收起来。

9. Barbara is easy to recognize as she’s the only one of the women who ________ evening dress. (2010全国卷II)

A. wear                 B. wears                C. has worm         D. have worm

【答案】B

【考点】考查动词时态的用法。

【解析】由于one of the women前有only修饰,说明其后的定语从句是修饰one的,而不是修饰women的,所以定语从句中的谓语动词要用单数,故可排除AD;再根据句意,此处谈的是一般情况,故要用一般现在时,即选B

10. —Have you finished the book?

— No. I’ve read up to ________ the children discover the secret cave. (2010全国卷II)

A. which               B. what                  C. that                    D. where

【答案】D

【考点】考查名词性从句的用法。

【解析】where在此引导宾语从句,用作介词to的宾语,其意为“……的地方,可视为where前省略了名词the place。又如:He walked across to where I was sitting. 他走到我坐的地方。下面一句中的where引导的是地点状语从句,但与此题的意思极为相似(可视为where前省略了at the place):We’ll pick up where we finished yesterday. 我们从昨天停止的地方继续进行。

11. Though ________ to see us, the professor gave us a warm welcome. (2010全国卷II)

A. surprise           B. was surprised  C. surprised          D. being surprised

【答案】C

【考点】考查状语从句的省略。

【解析】从表面上看是考查非谓语动词的用法,但本质上是考查状语从句的省略,即当某些状语从句的主语与主句主语相同且从句谓语含有动词 be 时,有时可以省略从句的主语和其后动词be。如:Though (he was) exhausted, he went to bed very late. 虽然他已筋疲力尽,但还是很晚才上床。Although (it was) built before the war, the engine is still in perfect order. 尽管是战前制造的,这台发动机仍然处于良好状态。

12. Neither side is prepared to talk to ________ unless we can smooth thing over between them. (2010全国卷II)

A. others               B. the other           C. another             D. one other

【答案】B

【考点】考查不定代词的用法。

【解析】根据句中的neither side可知,句子谈论的两者。指两者中的一方用one,指两者中的另一方用the other。又如:I had to cart my luggage from one end of the airport to the other. 我不得不把我的行李从机场的这一头推到另一头。

13. The island is ________ attractive in spring and autumn because of the pleasant weather in both seasons. (2010全国卷II)

A. partly                B. merely               C. nearly               D. equally

【答案】D(http://ask.yygrammar.com/)

【考点】考查特定语境中副词的用法。

【解析】对于考查特定语境中词语用法的考题,最好的方法是代入翻译法,即将四个选项分别代入句中再翻译原句,哪个选项使原句最通顺,哪个选项就是最佳答案。四个选项的意思分别为:partly意为部分地merely意为仅仅”“只有nearly意为几乎”“差不多equally意为同样地”“相等地。根据句意,只有D最合适。句意为:这个岛因为春季和秋季天气都很好,所以这两个季节都很有吸引力。又如:Search your heart and ask if you’re not equally to blame. 你扪心自问是否自己也同样要承担责任。

 

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