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历年(最近15年200余套)高考英语语法题详解(2010北京卷)
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历年(最近15200余套)高考英语语法题详解(2010北京卷)

 

21. ________ at my classmates’ faces, I read the same excitement in their eyes. (2010北京卷)

A. Looking           B. Look                  C. To look              D. Looked

【答案】A

【考点】考查非谓语动词的用法。

【解析】考查现在分词作状语的用法,其中的looking at my classmates’ faces可视为When I was looking at my classmates’ faces之省略。又如:Putting down my newspaper, I walked over to the window. (=After I had put down my newspaper, ...) 我放下报纸,走到窗前。Taking a key out of his pocket, he opened the door. (=After he took a key…) 他从口袋里掏出钥匙把门打开。

22. In the spoken English of some areas in the US, the “r” sounds at the end of the words ________. (2010北京卷)

A. are dropped    B. drop                   C. are being dropped    D. have dropped

【答案】A

【考点】考查动词时态的用法。

【解析】由于是陈述一般情况,故要用一般现在时;又因为 the “r” sounds 与动词 drop 之间为被动关系,故要用被动语态,故选A。又如:In some countries women are still treated as second-class citizens. 在一些国家,妇女仍被视为二等公民。

23. —Good morning. I’ve got an appointment with Miss Smith in the Personnel Department.

—Ah, good morning. You ________ be Mrs. Peters. (2010北京卷)

A. might                B. must                  C. would                D. can

【解析】Bmust 在此表示肯定推测,意为一定。对话的意思是:早上好,我是与人事部的史密斯小姐约好而来的。”“早上好,那您一定是彼得斯夫人吧。又如:You must be crazy to ride a bicycle that has no brakes! 你骑一辆没闸的车,一定发疯了吧!

24. —I’m not finished with my dinner yet.

—But our friends ________ for us. (2010北京卷)

A. will wait            B. wait                   C. have waited     D. are waiting

【答案】D

【考点】考查动词时态的用法。

【解析】根据句首的but可知,选现在进行时比较符合语境。对话的意思是:我还有没吃完饭。”“但是我们的朋友在等我们了。

25. I’m calling to enquire about the position ________ in yesterday’s China Daily. (2010北京卷)

A. advertised       B. to be advertised C. advertising    D. having advertised

【答案】A

【考点】考查非谓语动词的用法。

【解析】由于position(职位)与 advertise(登广告)之间为被动关系,故可确定答案在AB之间;另外,由于说话者是来了解该职位情况的,说明广告昨天已经刊发了(而是昨天将要刊发),故用过去分词(不用不定式的被动式)。

26. —I’m sorry, but I don’t quite follow you. Did you say you wanted to return on September 20?

—Sorry, I________ myself clear. We want to return on October 20. (2010北京卷)

A. hadn’t made   B. wouldn’t make    C. don’t make       D. haven’t made

【答案】D

【考点】考查动词时态的用法。

【解析】对方没听清楚说话者说的话,是由于说话者没有说清楚所导致的结果,所以空格处应填现在完成时,即用现在完成时表示某个动作所造成的影响或结果。

27. Children who are not active or ________ diet is high in fat will gain weight quickly. (2010北京卷)

A. what                 B. whose               C. which                D. that

【答案】B

【考点】考查定语从句的用法。

【解析】whose在此引导定语从句,与另一定语从句who are not active并列(由并列连词or连接),共同修饰名词children。句意为:不爱活动或饮食中脂肪含量较高的小孩体重会增加很快。

28. It took me a long time before I was able to fully appreciate what they ________ for me. (2010北京卷)

A. had done         B. did                     C. would do          D. were doing

【答案】A(http://www.yygrammar.com/)

【考点】考查动词时态的用法。

【解析】比较主句中的动词take与从句中的动词do,很显然do在先,take在后,而take在句中用的是一般过去时,故do要用过去完成时。

 

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