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other, others与another的用法区别
作者:WDBOOK  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2018-01-22  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin



other, othersanother的用法区别

 

这些不定代词不仅在含义上有单复数之分,而且在用法上有泛指(the)和特指(the)之别。其用法区别可归纳如下:

(1) 指单数:若泛指用another,若特指用 the other。如:

Have another piece of chocolate. 再吃一块巧克力糖吧。

Give that wall another coat of paint. 给那面墙再刷一层油漆。

He wants a transfer to another job. 他想转换工作。

He killed the other man in a fight. 他在搏斗中杀死了对手。

The driver of the other car was a woman. 另一辆车的司机是女的。

This one is shorter than the other by three inches. 这一个比那一个短3英寸。

(2) 指复数:若泛指用other(后接复数名词),若特指用the other(后接复数名词)。如:

Other boys were arriving now. 其他男孩马上也要到了。

Other people have had similar experiences. 其他人也有相似的经历。

Other businesses cling on and hope. 其他企业坚持着并且抱着希望。

She zigzagged her way through the other guests. 她从其他客人中间穿过。

They bought out all the other partners. 他们买下了其它合伙人的全部股份。

Sorry about all the other things I didn’t have time for. 其余部分因时间不够没法讲完,只好表示抱歉。

(3) others的用法:永远表示复数意义(且其后不能再接名词)。其用法大致相当于“other+复数名词,同样地 the others 大致相当于“the other+复数名词。如:

He stood aloof from all the others. 他和谁都保持距离。

They look control of the business from the others. 他们从别人手中接管了业务。

Some people ski worse than others. 有些人的滑雪技术就是不如别人。

(4) some 对比:some 对比使用时,用others(此时与 some 同义)。如:

Some people enjoy exercise, others don’t. 一些人喜欢运动,而另一些人则不喜欢。

Some people are frightened of thunder, others of snakes. 有些人怕雷声,有些人怕蛇。

Some of our groups are static, others mobile. 我们中间有些小组是固定的,另一些则是流动的。

Some people call that place the Persian Gulf, others the Arabian Gulf. 有些人称那个地方波斯湾,也有些人称之为阿拉伯湾。

(5) 有关习语(http://ask.yygrammar.com/)

every other 每隔一……,其他的……

none other than 不是别的,正是……

no other than 不是别的,正是……

one after the other 一个接一个地,相继

one from the other 分别,各别

some . . . or other 某一个

other than 不同于,除了

the other day 早几天,几天前

 

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