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定语从句之专题一:从定语从句原理可以推导出定语从句的绝大部分规则
作者:高  伟  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2017-07-20  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin

 

. whoseof whom/which引导定语从句的对比

whoseof whom/which的用法见下表,

whose+…

…of whom/which

whose (表人/表物)+名词

the+名词+of whom/which

×

,不定代词/数词+of+whom/which

下边具体讲解此表。

1.一般地,whose+名词=the+名词+of whom/which如,

I bought a bicycle. The bicycle’s handles were red.(两个单句)

I bought a bicycle whose handles were red.“whose+名词引导定从)

I bought a bicycle. The handles of the bicycle were red.(两个单句)

I bought a bicycle the handles of which were red.“the+名词+of which”引导定从)

注意,只有当作主语时,“the+名词+of which” =“of which the+名词如,

I bought a bicycle the handles of which were red.the+名词+of which

=I bought a bicycle of which the handles were red.of which+the+名词

=I bought a bicycle whose handles were red.whose+名词

2.不定代词/数词+of whom/which,只用在非限制性定语从句中,且此时的“of whom/which”不能用whose代替。(这里的不定代词有some, any, all, both, many, most等。数词有one, the first等。)(这里的不能用whose代替是很容易理解的,因为,显然没有“whose+不定代词或数词这种结构。)

●It’s a family of eight children, some of whom are studying music.

●Here are the questions, some of which I think difficult.

I think some of which difficult→some of which I think difficult

●Here are many books, two of which he borrowed. 

I borrowed two of whichtwo of which I borrowed

 

分组对比练习

题组19whose引导定语从句)

1. The school shop,    customers are mainly students, is closed for the holidays. (2011,四川)  Awhich     Bwhose    Cwhen    Dwhere

句意:这个学校商店其主顾大多是学生,放假就关门了。

分析:whose可以指物。选B

2. Children who are not active or      diet is high in fat will gain weight quickly. (2010,北京)

 A. what    B. whose    C. which     D. that

句意:不爱运动或者饮食热量偏高的孩子们会很快发胖。

分析:children+ who…or whose…,两个定语从句。whose可以指人。选B

3. Look out! Don't get too close to the house____ roof is under repair.(福建高考题)

A. whose   B. which   C. of which   D. that  

句意:注意!不要离正在维修屋顶的那栋房子太近。分析:whose roof=the roof of which(这个结构在作主语/宾语/表语时都成立)= of which the roof(这个结构只有在作主语时成立)。选A

 

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