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初中英语典型错误100例(6)
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初中英语典型错误100(6)

 

51. 过去只要我有空,我就去看电影。

误:I used to go to the cinema whenever I had free.

正:I used to go to the cinema whenever I was free.

正:I used to go to the cinema whenever I had free time.

析:注意 free(空闲的)是形容词,不是名词,不能用作动词have的宾语。要表示汉语的有空,可考虑使用be freehave free time等。

52. 他已跟她这个比他大五岁的女孩交上了朋友。

误:He has made friend with the girl who is five years older than him.

正:He has made friends with the girl who is five years older than him.

析:make friends with 是习语,其意为……交朋友,其中的friends总是用复数,不管介词with后接的名词是单数还是复数。

53. 那儿的所有人对我们都很友好。

误:All the people there treated us friendly.

正:All the people there treated us in a friendly way.

析:在现代英语中,friendly 只用作形容词,不用作副词。要表示友好地之意,英语可用 in a friendly way 或用 in a friendly manner 等表达。

54. 自那次战争以来,他一直住在国外。

误:He has been abroad from the war.

正:He has been abroad since the war.

析:from用于时间表示,通常只表示时间的起点,要表示从过去某一时间一直持续到现在,应用介词 since

55.与他共事很有意思。

误:It’s a great fun working with him.

正:It’s great fun working with him.

析:fun是一个不可数名词,它不与不定冠词连用,也不用复数形式。

56.我们大多数人都去过欧洲两次。

误:Most of us have gone to Europe twice.

正:Most of us have been to Europe twice.

析:have been to have gone to不同:前者指去过某地,可以与表示次数的词语连用;后者指到某地去了,强调现在不在说话的地方,它不与表示次数的词语连用。

57.发生的事我谁也不告诉。

误:I won’t tell anybody what is happened.

正:I won’t tell anybody what has happened.

析:happen表示发生时,是不及物动词,因此不用于被动语态,同时也不能后接宾语,如他昨天出事了,不能说成:He happened an accident yesterday. 可说成:He met with an accident yesterday.

58. 我曾经见过大象。

误:I ever saw an elephant.

正:I once saw an elephant.

析:汉语中说曾经,完全可以用于肯定句,但在英语中,ever 却通常不用于肯定句表示曾经这样的意思,遇此情况可考虑用once等。注:ever有时可用在肯定的定语从句中表示曾经。如:This is the best story that I (have) ever heard. 这是我曾经听过的最好的故事。

59. 路的两边都种有树。

误:There are trees on every side of the road.

正:There are trees on each side of the road.

正:There are trees on both sides of the road.

析:every 表示()”,指三者或三者以上的人或事物,不能指两者。指两者中的()”,英语可用 each(同时它也可指多者)

60. 这些书中的每一本我都喜欢。

误:I like everyone of these books.

正:I like every one of these books.(www.yygrammar.com)

析:everyone every one 的区别是:前者(合写)只能指人,不能指物,且其后通常不后接 of 短语;后者(分开写)可以指人也可以指物,其后可以接 of 短语。

 

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