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英语典型语法错误100例(10)
作者:DEKT-ZW  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2017-03-23  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin



英语典型语法错误100例(10

 

91. 你应该要更注意你的发音。

误:You should notice our pronunciation more.

正:You should pay more attention to your pronunciation.

析:此处的注意应用 pay attention to 来表达,notice 主要指通过感觉器官注意到的。

92. 我们搭起帐篷,开始生火做饭。

误:We put up the tent, and set fire to cook.

正:We put up the tent, and made a fire to cook.

析:set fire,其意为放火烧了……”,与生火意义相去甚远。

93. 小孩喜欢像糖果和玩具之类的东西。

误:Children like such things like candy and toys.

正:Children like such things as candy and toys.

析:such... as 是固定搭配,不要受汉语影响将 as 换成like之类的词。

94. 在我的故乡,每年这个时候农夫都忙着割稻。

误:In my home country farmers are busy to harvest rice at this time of the year.

正:In my home country farmers are busy harvesting rice at this time of the year.

析:表示“忙于做某事”,be busy 后习惯上与动词的-ing形式搭配,不能搭配不定式。

95. 当招待员问他是否再要些咖啡时,他点头表示要。

误:When the waiter asked if did he want more coffee, he nodded Yes.

正:When the waiter asked if he wanted more coffee, he nodded Yes.

析:句中 if 引导的是宾语从句,要用陈述句语序,不能用疑问句语序。

96. 给来宾准备了丰富的食物和饮料。

误:The visitors were plentifully supplied with drink and food. 

正:The visitors were plentifully supplied with food and drink.

析:汉语常说“饮食”,即先说“饮”,后说“食”,但在英语习惯中恰恰相反,即总是说 food and drink,而不说 drink and food

97. 使我最惊讶的是他期末考试没有及格。

误:What was surprised me most that he failed in the final exam.

正:What surprised me most was that he failed in the final exam.

析:由于同学们平时见到be surprised 这类表达比较多,所以在头脑中就形成了思维定势,误认为 surprised 总是要与系动词 be 连用。其实,此句中的 surprised 是动词,不是形容词(注意它后面跟有宾语me)。

98. 这是我最喜欢的歌曲之一。

误:This is one of my most favorite songs.

正:This is one of my favorite songs.(http://ask.yygrammar.com/)

析:favorite 用作形容词时,表示“最喜欢的”,因本身已含有“最”这样的意思,因此它不与 most 连用,以免语义重复。

99. 他抛弃了妻子还带走了两人所有的钱。

误:He abandoned his wife and goes away with all their money.

正:He abandoned his wife and went away with all their money.

析:此处and连接的是两个并列谓语,两个动作发现的时间都在过去,应该用一般过去时。

100. 保持身体健康的秘诀是饮食和睡眠要有规律。

误:The key of good health is to eat and sleep regularly.

正:The key to good health is to eat and sleep regularly.(www.yygrammar.com)

析:key 用于比喻义,表示“答案”“秘诀”“关键”“图解”“图表”等义时,其后通常要用介词to(而不用of)来表示“……的”的意思。又如:key to ones success(某人成功的秘诀)key to the exercises(练习答案)等。注:key若用于本义,表示“钥匙”时,则其后可用介词 to of,如the key to [of] the door (开门的钥匙)

 

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