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英语典型语法错误100例(9)
作者:DEKT-ZW  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2017-03-23  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin



英语典型语法错误100例(9

 

81. 我宁愿同他们一道去而不愿呆在家里。

误:I prefer going with them rather than stay home.

正:I prefer to go with them rather than stay home.

析:在两个选项之间作出选择,表示宁愿选其中的一项而不愿选另一项,或喜欢其中的一项而不喜欢另一项,有两个prefer句型可以选择:一是prefer A to B,其中的AB均为名词或动名词;二是prefer to do sth rather than do sth

82. 他在工作上取得了很大的进步。

误:He made a great progress with his work.

正:He made great progress with his work.

析:progress 用作名词,表示进步”“前进”“进展等,均为不可数名词,又如:His research made slow progress. 他的研究工作进展缓慢。

83. 你说的情况完全不可能。

误:What you say is very impossible.

正:What you say is quite impossible.

析:quite 有两个意思:一是表示程度,意为相当”“还算,用法与 fairly, very, rather 一样,只是程度或语气不同,此时主要修饰那些可以显示出程度的形容词或副词;二是表示极限(limit),意为完全地”“全然地等,此时主要修饰那些没有程度差异的形容词或副词,如 impossible, empty, full, certain, sure, right, wrong, enough, ready, dead, alone, perfect, determined, extraordinary, exhausted, amazing, unique 等。注:very通常只用于表示程度,不用于表示极限。

84. 剩下的几个就给你了。

误:You may have the remained ones.

正:You may have the remaining ones.

析:由于 remain 是不及物动词,所以用于名词前作定语时,不能用过去分词,而应用现在分词(有的词书称之为形容词),此时remaining=剩下的,留下的(只用作定语,不用作表语) 又如:The remaining students will serve as audience. 剩下的学生将充作听众。

85. 提醒他在离开时把窗子关上。

误:Remind him of closing the windows when he leaves.

正:Remind him to close the windows when he leaves.

析:remind sb to do sth=提醒某人去做某事(不定式所表示的动作尚未发生)remind sb of doing sth=提醒某人做过某事(动名词所表示的动作已发生)。比较:He reminded me to see the film. 他提醒我要去看这电影。He reminded me of my seeing the film. 他提醒我说,我曾看过这部电影。(此句等于:He reminded me that I had seen the film.)

86. 他们劫富济贫。

误:They robbed the money from the rich to help the poor.

正:They robbed the rich to help the poor. (www.yygrammar.com)

析:rob(抢劫)作为及物动词,它的宾语总是被抢劫的人或地点,而不是被抢走的东西,其句型为:rob+被抢的人或地方+of+被抢的东西。又如:He robbed me of my wallet. 他抢了我的钱包。但不说:He robbed my wallet. 再如:She was robbed of her money. 她的钱被抢了。但不说:Her money was robbed.

87. 他不愿拿这么少的薪金来担任这个职务。

误:He would not accept this office for such a little salary.

正:He would not accept this office for such a low salary.

析:形容薪水的多少或高低,salary 通常用 large, small, high, low 等形容词来修饰,一般不用 much, little, few, many 等修饰,又如:She has a large [high] salary. 她薪水很高。注:对薪金提问时,可以用 how much,如:How much salary does the job pay? 这一工作薪水多少?

88. 他喜欢数学,他弟弟也一样。

误:He likes maths, and it is the same to his brother.

正:He likes maths, and it is the same with his brother.

析:要表示……一样,英语要说the same as,不可用the same with,如:His car is the same as mine. 他的汽车与我的一样。但是,若要表示甲的情况同样也适合于乙时,英语却可用 it is the same with...,此结构与“so+特殊动词+主语相似,如上句也可说成:...and so does his brother. 又如:He likes music but doesn’t like sports. It is the same with his brother. 他喜欢音乐,但不喜欢运动,他弟弟也是一样。注意此句中的 It is the same with his brother 不能改为 So does his brother,因为前面一句既包括肯定又包括否定)

89. 10点钟以后仍在外面的人将被逮捕。

误:Anyone being outside after ten o’clock will be arrested.

正:Anyone who is outside after ten o’clock will be arrested.

析:being为连系动词时,非谓语动词结构being…可用作主语、宾语、宾语补足语、状语等,但是不能用作定语。遇此情况,可考虑改用定语从句。

90. 我说两个小时的时候,其中包括了吃饭的时间。

误:When I say two hours, which includes the time for eating.

正:When I say two hours, that includes the time for eating.(http://ask.yygrammar.com/)

析:许多同学往往想当然地认为在逗号后面总是用 which 引导定语从句,而不用 that。其实,本句中的 that includes the time for eating 不是定语从句,而是主句(that 用作主句主语),其前的 when I say two hours 为状语从句。

 

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