打印本文 打印本文  关闭窗口 关闭窗口  
非谓语动词用作宾语补足语的重要知识点
作者:HMYYYY  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2016-10-12  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin



非谓语动词用作宾语补足语的重要知识点

 

1. 在感官动词(feel, listen to, hear, see, look at, watch, notice )和使役动词(make, let, have)后,要用不带 to 的不定式作宾补。但在这些动词的被动式(如果可以变为被动式的话)后用作主语补足语的不定式要带 to

He made me work 12 hours a day. 他要我每天工作12小时。

I was made to work 12 hours a day. 每天要我工作12小时。

记忆方法:一感(feel)、二听(hear, listen to)、三让(let, have, make)、四看(see, look at, watch, notice)

2. 在下列动词后用作宾语补足语的非谓语动词用不定式,即用于 vt. + sb / sth + to do sth 的形式:

advise 建议         allow 允许            ask 叫,请           bear 忍受

beg 乞求              cause 导致           command 命令  encourage 鼓励

expect 期待         forbid 禁止           force 迫使             get 使

hate 讨厌             help 帮助              intend 想要          invite 邀请

leave                like 喜欢               mean 打算           need 需要

oblige 迫使          order 命令            permit 允许           persuade 说服

prefer 宁愿          request 请求        remind 提醒         teach

tell 告诉               trouble 麻烦         want 想要             warn 警告

wish 希望            wait for              would like 想要 

would love 想要 would prefer 宁愿

注:(1) help 后作宾补的不定式带不带 to 均可。

(2) fear, excuse, refuse, insist, hope, suggest, agree, decide, demand, thank, arrange 等动词后不可接 sb to do sth

3. 用非谓语动词作宾语补足语的常用结构:

(1) have sb do sth使某人做某事

(2) have sb doing sth 使某人或某物处于做某事的状态中

(3) have sth done 请人做某事,遭受某事

(4) catch sb doing sth 抓住(碰上)某人在做某事

(5) feel sth / sb doing sth 感觉某人或某物在做某事

(6) find sb / sth doing sth 发现某人或某物在做某事

(7) keep sb / sth doing sth 使某人或某物不停地做某事

(8) start sb doing sth 使某人开始做某事

(9) send sb to do sth ()某人去做某事。如:

(10) send sb / sth doing sth 使某人或某物迅速做某事

(11) leave sb to do sth 让某人去做某事

(12) leave sb doing sth 让某人做某事(处于做某事的状态中)

(13) set sb to do sth 使某人做某事

(14) set sb (sth) doing sth  使某人或某物开始做某事

4. 非谓语动词作宾补的一个原则:当宾语与作宾补的动词在逻辑上是主动关系时,用不定式或现在分词;当宾语与作宾补的动词在逻辑上是被动关系时,用过去分词,或用不定式、现在分词的被动式。

 

打印本文 打印本文  关闭窗口 关闭窗口