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英语语法巨匠夸克《英语语法大全》重点选载(英汉对照)-01
作者:姬林武  文章来源:整理  点击数  更新时间:2015-01-20  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin

 

However, if the noun phrase is generic and indefinite, coordinated adjectives, or adjectives with some clause element added, can be postposed, though such constructions are formal and rather infrequent:

然而,如果名词短语是类指或不定指的,那么并列的形容词或附有某种分句成分的形容词就可以放在它的后面。不过,这样的结构比较正式而且相当少见:

Soldiers timid or cowardly don’t fight well. [5]

胆小或怯懦的士兵打不好仗。

Soldiers normally timid don’t fight well. [6]

平日胆小的士兵不善战。

A man usually honest will sometimes cheat.[7]

平常诚实的人有时也会骗人。

The more usual constructions are premodification or a relative clause:

更为常见的结构是采用前置修饰或关系分句的形式

Timid or cowardly soldiers ... [5a]

Soldiers who are timid or cowardly ... [5b]

Soldiers who are normally timid ... [6a]

A man who is usually honest ... [7a]

Like relative clauses, postposed adjectives may be restrictive or nonrestrictive, eg:

后置形容词和关系分句一样,可以是限制性的,也可以是非限制性的。如:

Soldiers normally timid don’t fight well.

平日胆小的士兵不善战。

[‘Soldiers who are ...’][generic and indefinite noun head] [6]

[‘Soldiers who are ...’][类指或不定指名词中心词] [6]

The soldiers, normally timid, fought bravely.

[‘The soldiers, who were ...’][specific and definite noun head] [6b]

[‘The soldiers, who were ...’][特指或定指名词中心词] [6b]

The adjective of an adjective phrase can often be attributive, leaving its complementation in postposition. Thus, equivalent to sentences [2] and [3] are the somewhat more informal sentences [2a] and [3a]:

形容词短语中的形容词往往可以放在定语位置上,而它的补足语则放在名词后面。所以例[2a][3a]两句和例[2][3]两句意思相等,只是文体上[2a][3a]不如[2][3]正式。

They have a larger house than yours. [2a]

他们的房子比你的大。

The easiest boys to teach were in my class. [3a]

那些最容易教的男孩子是我班的。

 

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