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英语语法巨匠夸克《英语语法大全》重点选载(英汉对照)-01
作者:姬林武  文章来源:整理  点击数  更新时间:2015-01-20  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin

 

英语语法巨匠夸克《英语语法大全》连载(英汉对照)-01

 

《英语语法大全》原版书名:A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language

《英语语法大全》原版作者:Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, Jan Svartvik

说明:蓝色字为语法说明原文,绿色字为语法说明的翻译,黑色字为相关例句和翻译

 

Adjectives with complementation 带补足语的形容词

7.22 Adjectives with complementation (cf 16.68ff) normally cannot have attributive position but require postposition. Compare:

带有补足语的形容词通常(参见16.88ff)不能放在定语位置上,而是要求放在名词的后面。试比较:

正:a suitable actor

误:*a suitable for the part actor

The complementation can be a prepositional phrase or a to-infinitive clause:

这种补足语可以是一个介词短语,也可以是一个带to的不定式分句:

I know an actor suitable for the part. [l]

我认识一个适合扮演这个角色的演员。

They have a house larger than yours. [2]

他们的房子比你的大。

The boys easiest to teach were in my class. [3]

那些最容易教的男孩子是我班的。

Students brave enough to attempt the course deserve to succeed. [4]

那些敢于尝试学这门课的学生应该获得成功。

The postpositive structures can of course be regarded as reduced relative clauses:

当然,可以把这种后置结构看成是缩简的关系分词

I know an actor who is suitable for the part. [la]

If the adjective is alone or merely premodified by an intensifier, postposition is not normally allowed:

如果形容词被单独使用,或只被一个强化语所修饰,一般来说,这个形容词就不能放在它所修饰的名词后面:

*They have a house (much) larger.

*The soldiers (rather) timid approached their officer.

 

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