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表因果关系的并列连词
作者:simple  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2013-08-27  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin



表因果关系的并列连词

 

英语中表示因果关系的并列连词主要有forso两个

1. 并列连词for的用法

并列连词for表示原因,意为“因为”“由于”。如:

The days were short, for it was now December. 白天很短,因为现在已经是12月。

I decided to stop and have lunchfor I was feeling hungry. 我决定停下来吃饭——因为我觉得饿了。

He must be out, for there is no light in the room. 他准是出去了,因为屋里没有灯。

She does not go out in the winter, for she feels the cold a great deal. 她冬天不出门,因为他特别怕冷。

We listened eagerly, for he brought news of our families. 他给我们带来了家里的消息,我们都迫不及待地听着。

We listened eagerly, for he brought news of our families. 他给我们带来了家里的消息, 我们都迫不及待地听著。

for表示原因时,它引出的句子不能放在句首,如不能说:

For it was now December, the days were short.

2. 并列连词so的用法

并列连词so表示结果,意为“所以”“因此”。如:

It’s very cold, so wear a heavy coat. 外边很冷,因此穿一件厚大衣吧。

There were no buses, so I came by bicycle. 没有公共汽车,所以我就骑自行车来了。

The door was locked, so we couldn’t get in. 门上锁了,所以我们进不去。

It was dark, so I couldn’t see what was happening. 天很黑,所以我看不见发生了什么事。

I’m off on holiday, so I won’t be seeing you for a bit. 我要外出度假,所以有一段时间我就见不着你了。

He told me to do it and so I did it. 他叫我那么做,所以我就做了。

She wrote a famous book, and so won a place in history. 她写了一本名著,所以在历史上有一席之地。

汉语可以说“因为……所以……”,但英语中表示结果的并列连词so不能与表示原因的从属连词because连用,如不能说:

Because its very cold, so wear a heavy coat.

 

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