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英语动词时态详解:过去完成时
作者:陈根花  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2008-05-16  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin

 

12. The young girl sitting next to me on the plane was very nervous. She ______ before.

A. hasn’t flown         B. didn’t fly              C. hadn’t flown         D. wasn’t flying

分析:C用于供参照的过去时间为was nervous(当时坐飞机很紧紧)与之相比较hadn’t flown(没有坐过飞机)显然属于过去的过去”,故用过去完成时。

13. I was giving a talk to a large group of people, the same talk I ______ to half a dozen other groups.

A. was giving            B. am giving             C. had given             D. have given

分析:C。许多同学可能会简单地根据前面的was giving而误选A。但事实上,此题提供的语境是:我当时正在给一群人作报告,这个报告我曾给其他若干批人讲过。由于was giving为过去进行时,而“曾给其他若干批人讲过”显然发生在was giving这一过去时间之前,故用过去完成时,即答案选C

14. John, a friend of mine, who got married only last week, spent $3, 000 more than he ______ for the wedding.

A. will plan               B. has planned           C. would plan           D. had planned

分析:D首先将选项分成两组CD过去组”,AB非过去组”,而根据句中的got marriedlast week可推知此题的答案应在过去组中。然后再根据句意比较get marriedplan的先后关系,显然是先“计划”,后“结婚”,而“结婚”在句中用了一般过去时,故“计划”要用过去完成时

15. They became friends again that day. Until then, they ______ to each other for nearly two years.

A. didn’t speak          B. hadn’t spoken        C. haven’t spoken      D. haven’t been speaking

分析:B。由于他们再次成为朋友发生在过去(因为became用的是一般过去时),这就说明他们差不多有两年没说过话属于“过去的过去”,所以要用过去完成时。

16. —It was really very kind of you to give me a lift home.

—Oh, don’t mention it. I ______ past your house anyway.

A. was coming          B. will come             C. had come              D. have come

分析:A。根据前面一句中的was可知,搭车的事发生在过去,所以“我开车要经过你的家门口”也发生在过去,因此可排除BD。而在剩下的AC中,不能选C,是因为C为过去完成时,表示“过去的过去”,与句意不符。

17. I ______ there little more than a week when I set to work with the scientist.

A. would be              B. have been             C. had been               D. will be

分析:C。由于set to work with the scientist这一动作发生在过去,而be thereset to work的先后关系是:be there在先,set to work在后。所以be there发生的时间属于“过去的过去”,故用过去完成时。

18. The play had already been on for quite some time when we ______ at the New Theatre.

A. have arrived          B. arrived                 C. had arrived           D. arrive

分析:B。由于句中的had already been用的是过去完成时,而根据句意,arrive显然应发生在其后,故要用一般过去时。全句意为:当我们到达新剧院时,戏已经演了好一会儿了。

19. —Did Alan enjoy seeing his old friends yesterday?

—Yes, he did. He ______ his old friends for a long time.

A. didn’t see             B. wouldn’t see         C. hasn’t seen            D. hadn’t seen

分析:D。由于见朋友发生在过去(即昨天),而很久没有见到朋友自然是昨天的见面之前,即属于过去的过去,故用过去完成时。

20. The hotel wasn’t particularly good. But I ______ in many worse hotels.

A. was staying           B. stayed                   C. would stay            D. had stayed

分析:D。根据The hotel wasn’t particularly good这一句中的一般过去时可推知stay in many worse hotels要用过去完成时,因为它发生在wasn’t之前。

 

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