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debt of gratitude前后如何搭配?
作者:李  翔  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2013-03-12  文章录入:李翔  责任编辑:admin

 

   

3. The CORPUS OF CONTEMPORAY AMERICAN ENGLISH (1990-2012) (Mark Davies, Brigham Young University) http://www.americancorpus.org/  SEARCH STRING  

输入 “verb.All +a debt of gratitude to” 共得到包含owe a debt of gratitude to sb”的例句19例;包含owes a debt of gratitude to sb”的例句10例;包含has  a debt of gratitude to sb”例句1例;包含feel a debt of gratitude to sb”的例句 1例。  

输入 “verb.All +a+adj.All+ debt of gratitude to” 共得到包含owe a great debt of gratitude to sb”的例句5 例;包含owe a special debt of gratitude to sb”的例句3例;包含owe a huge debt of gratitude to sb”例句2 例;包含owe a real debt of gratitude to sb”的例句1; 包含owe a tremendous debt of gratitude to sb”的例句1; 包含owe a deep debt of gratitude to sb”的例句1; 包含owes a great debt of gratitude to sb”的例句2; 包含owes a  special debt of gratitude to sb”的例句1; 包含owes a huge debt of gratitude to sb”的例句1; 包含owes a big  debt of gratitude to sb”的例句1; 包含owed a sizable debt of gratitude to sb”的例句1; 包含feel a great debt of gratitude to sb”的例句1.  

输入 “verb.All +an+adj.All+ debt of gratitude to” 仅得到以下1例:  

2004 Partly for this reason, South Africa owes an enormous debt of gratitude to dealers such as Merton Simpson who, as Jay Last points out, always had an umbrella rack in his New York gallery full of southern African staffs and clubs.  

输入 debt of gratitude + verb.ALL仅得到以下2句:  

 1997  A  special debt of gratitude is owed to Steven Z. Levine, Leslie Clark Professor of the Humanities at Bryn Mawr College, not only for his attentive reading of this paper but also for the guidance, encouragement, and example he has most generously continued to provide since my graduate student days.  

 2002  A  more general debt of gratitude is owed to Stephen Melville, who, early on, showed me what it might mean to actually read Greenberg thoughtfully and with care.  

分别输入have/has /had /having a debt of gratitude” 仅得到以下1句:  

2002 I believe our nation and our city has a debt of gratitude to the people who are out there in the middle of the night and in the day, and working without recognition, who can't stand up here -- indeed, they should not stand up here, but they are out there working as we speak to make this culmination possible. (注:该句属于have a debt of gratitude to sb.而不是for sb.)  

分别输入have/has /had /having  debts of gratitude” 得到的结果都是:Sorry, there are no matching records.  

分别输入have/has /had /having +adj.ALL+ debts of gratitude” 得到的结果都是:Sorry, there are no matching records.  

综上所述,可以看出无论在英国英语中,还是在美国英语中,a debt of gratitude通常用作动词owe的宾语,其后常接介词to,再接指人的名词作介宾,即owe a debt of gratitude to sb.基本上成了一个固定搭配。  

当然,a debt of gratitude偶尔也用作其它动词如feel acknowledge等的宾语,这点从“张柏然主编《新时代英汉大词典》(商务印书馆 20044月第1)p556:  feel a special debt of gratitude to sb   对某人特别感恩戴德 和“() 市川繁治郎主编《英语搭配大辞典》(外语教学与研究出版社200610月第1)p451: acknowledge a special debt of gratitude to sb ”上也可以看得出来, 但是几乎不作动词have的宾语,再者说,此时debt通常用作单数形式,不用复数形式debts

 

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