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英语部分倒装大归纳
作者:hlgram  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2010-01-04  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin



英语部分倒装大归纳

 

1. 疑问句中,一般须部分倒装。如:

How long have you been here? 你来这儿多长时间了?

What do you think about the movie? 你认为这场电影怎么样?

Why doesnt he come here? 他为什么没来这儿?

注意:当对句子的主语提问时,一般不用倒装语序。如:

Who did it just now? 刚才谁干的?

What happened last night? 昨天晚上发生了什么事?

2. 否定词no, none, neither, nor, nobody, nothing, never,或半否定词hardly, seldom, scarcely, barely, little, few, 否定词的短语not until, by no means, not onlybut also, in no way, neither nor, in no time, no soonerthan, hardlywhen, 及频度状语副词every day, every other day, many a time, often等位于句首时,一般须部分倒装。如:

Neither do I know him. 我也不认识他。

No word did he say before he left. 他一句话没说就走了。

Little did I know about it. 我对它了解得不多。

Not only did he come, but also he brought us good news. 他不但来了,而且给我们带来了好消息。

Often did he come here with a good smile on his face. 他来这里时,脸上挂着笑容。

3. Only + 状语,置于句首时,一般须用部分倒装。如:

Only when I got there did I know the truth. 我只有到那里时才知道事情的真相。

Only in the morning can you meet him. 你只有在早晨见到他。

注意:

(1) Only + 状语不在句首时,不可倒装,如:

I wrote to him only yesterday. 我就在昨天给它取了封信。

(2) Only + 名词做主语时,不可倒装。如:

Only Li Lei can answer this question. 只有李蕾能回答这个问题。

4. as / though引导让步状语从句时,一般须用部分倒装。如:

Old as / though he is, he works like a young man. 尽管他很老了,但他工作起来却像个年轻人。

Hard as / though he was working, he didnt pass the exam. 虽然他一直在努力学习,但他还是没有通过那次考试。

Try again as / though he will, he cant succeed. 尽管他还会再试一试,但是它不会成功。

as / though引起的倒装分三种情况:表语、动词原形及状语的倒装。

(1) 表语的倒装。一般直接将表语提前到句首,若表语是带不定冠词a / an的单数可数名词,倒装后,不定冠词a / an须被省略。如:

Fine as / though he looks, he is ill with some serious diseases.

Child as / though he is, he knows much about the society.

(2) 原形动词的倒装。A. 动词前面带有情态动词may, might, will, would, can, could等时,只将行为动词提到句首,而这些情态动词保留在原处。B. 若动词前面没有情态动词时,应在动词原来的位置加上助动词do的适当形式。C. 用于这一句型的动词一般是不及物动词,而不能是系动词或及物动词。如:

Swim as / though he can, he cant swim so far. 尽管他会游泳,但是他游不得那么远。

Run as / though he did, he didnt run fast enough to catch the bus. 虽然他跑,但是他跑得不够快而没有赶上汽车。

(3) 状语倒装。如:

In the classroom as / though he stays, he doesnt read his texts. 尽管他呆在教室里,但他不读书。

Ccarefully as / though he worked, he made some mistakes. 尽管他工作很细心,但还是除了一些差错。

5. may用来表示祝愿时,一般用部分倒装。如:

May you have a good journey. 祝你旅途愉快。

May you succeed. 祝你成功。

 

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