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高考最可能考八类状语从句
作者:彭彩玲  文章来源:本站原创  点击数  更新时间:2008-12-14  文章录入:admin  责任编辑:admin

 

高考最可能考八类状语从句

 

■湖南  彭彩玲

 

状语从句是高考英语的必考考点,综观近年来各省市状语从句的考题情况,我们发现以下八类状语从句特别值得关注:

一、in case引导的状语从句

根据语境的不同,in case 既可表示“如果”“万一”,引导条件状语从句;也可表示“以防(万一)”,引导目的状语从句。下面两道真题均选 in case

1. Leave your key with a neighbor _________ you lock yourself out one day. (北京卷)

A. ever since              B. even if                  C. soon after                D. in case

2. My parents live in a small village. They always keep candles in the house _________ there is a power cut. (重庆卷)

A. if                           B. unless                   C. in case                    D. so that

【解析】两道题都选 in case,均表示“以防万一”。

二、before引导的状语从句

尤其要注意“it+be+一段时间+before…”这一句型。如:

1. The field research will take Joan and Paul about five months; it will be a long time _________ we meet them again. (安徽卷)

A. after                       B. before                   C. since                     D. when

2. He was told that it would be at least three more months _________ he could recover and return to work. (江西卷)

A. when                       B. before                   C. since                     D. that

【解析】两道题均 before。第1题涉及的句式为:It will be a long time before…,意思是“要过很久才会……”;第2题涉及的句式为:it was some time before…,意思是“在……之前过了一段时间”,通常可转译为“要过一段时间才会……”。

三、while 引导的状语从句

尤其要注意 while 表示“尽管”“虽然”时的用法(此时它引导的不是时间状语从句,而是让步状语从句——此用法许多同学并不熟悉,值得特别注意!)。如:

_________ I really don’t like art, I find his work impressive. (山东卷)

A. As                         B. Since                      C. If                           D. While

【解析】答案选Dwhile 在此表示“尽管”“虽然”,又如:While the work was difficult, it was interesting. 尽管工作有难度,但很有趣。/ While I understand what you say, I can’t agree with you. 虽然我理解你的意思,但我还是不同意。

另外,while 表示对比的用法也值得注意(此时它表示“而”)。如:

The cost of living in Glasgow is among the lowest in Britain, _____D_____ the quality of life is probably one of the highest. (天津卷)

A. since                      B. when                    C. as                         D. while

四、when引导的状语从句

对于 when 的用法,同学们最熟悉的是表示“当……的时候”。如:

—Where’s that report?

—I brought it to you _________ you were in Mr. Black’s office yesterday. (北京卷)

A. if                            B. when                    C. because                D. before

【解析】答案选B。将四个选项逐一填入空格处,只有填when时,意思最通顺。句意为:当你昨天在布莱克先生办公室时我就带给你了。

但是 when 还有一个用法,就是表示“既然”。如:

Why do you want a new job ______D_____ you’ve got such a good one already? (全国卷)

A. that                         B. where                  C. which                   D. when

还有一点也需注意,就是when表示“这时(突然)”的用法。如:

1. I had just stepped out of the bathroom and was busily drying myself with a towel _____B_____ I heard the steps. (湖南卷)

A. while                       B. when                   C. since                     D. after

2. He was about halfway through his meal _____C_____ a familiar voice came to his ears. (辽宁卷)

A. why                        B. where                 C. when                       D. while

 

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