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英语单项填空考点——代词
作者:HMGREEN    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2019-08-25    
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英语单项填空考点——代词

 

【考点揭密】有关代词的主要考点:

1. 不定代词:考查以下几组词的用法 (1) all, any, none; both, either, neither, each (2) another, (the) other(s), else (3) some, any, many, much (4) (a) little, (a) few (5) some-, any-, no- thing, -one,- body构成的复合不定代词。

2. 替代词it, that, (the) one(s), those的用法。

3. 物主代词(区分名词性和形容词性)、人称代词(区分主格与宾格)、反身代词的用法。

4. 疑问代词(在语境中选择恰当的疑问代词)和指示代词的用法。

【命题热点】不定代词和替代词。

【应试策略】代词看似简单,其实不易,考生决不可掉以轻心。代词必考内容,务必要认真对待。在整体把握各类代词的基本用法的基础上,必须重点掌握上述考点中所列的几组不定代词的用法区别和替代词的用法。

【真题精选】(按考点规律排列)

1. —There’s coffee and tea; you can have _____.

—Thanks.

A. either             B. each              C. one         D. it

2.—Do you want tea or coffee?

    —______.I really don’t mind.

    A. Both      B. None      C. Either      D. Neither

3. —Can you come on Monday or Tuesday?

    —I’m afraid ______day is possible.

A. either      B. neither      C. some      D. any

4. Mr Ascot, headmaster of the school, refused to accept _____of the three suggestions made by the Students’ Union.

    A. either      B. neither      C. any      D. none

5. —When shall we meet again?

    —Make it _____day you like; it’s all the same to me.

A. one       B. any      C. another    D. some

6. They were all tired, but _____of them would stop to take a rest.

    A. any      B. some     C. none     D. neither

7. —You’re always working. Come on, let’s go shopping.

    —_____you ever want to do is going shopping.

A. Anything  B. Something  C. All    D. That

8. Shanghai is a fascinating city and we’ve decided to stay for _____two weeks.

    A. another B. other              C. the other       D. other’s

9. If you want to change for a double room you’ll have to pay____$15.

    A. another    B. other      C. more       D. each

10. Young people may grow quickly in some ways and more slowly in ______.

A. the other    B. some other   C. others     D. these others

11. Sarah has read lots of stories by American writers. Now she would like to read _____stories by writers from ______countries.

A. some; any   B. other; some  C. some; other   D. other; other

12. Some of the wheat is from Canada. What about_______?

    A. another   B. the other  C. others      D. the rest

13. —Are the new rules working? 

—Yes. _____books are stolen.

A. Few       B. More    C. Some     D. None

14. I agree with most of what you said, but I don’t agree with _____.

A. everything  B. anything  C. something  D. nothing

15. Few pleasures can equal _____ of a cool drink on a hot day.

A. some      B. any      C. that      D. those

16. Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment, _____I will always treasure.

A. that    B. one    C. it       D. what

17. — Why don’t we take a little break?

— Didn’t we just have _____?

A. it        B. that       C. one         D. this

18. The Parkers bought a new house but _____will need a lot of work before they can move in.

A. they     B. it        C. one        D. which

19. Tom felt that he knew everybody’s business better than they knew it______.

A. themselves  B. oneself   C. itself      D. himself

20. — Susan, go and join your sister cleaning the yard.

— Why_____? John is sitting there doing nothing.

A. him          B. he            C. I               D. me

21. The mother didn’t know _____to blame for the broken glass as it happened while she was out. 

A. who   B. when     C. how       D. what

22. —He was nearly drowned once.

—When was ______?

—______was in 1998 when he was in middle school.

    A. that; It   B. this; This   C. this; It   D. that; This

【真题详解】

1. Aeither指两者中的任一each指两者或两者以上中的每一one用来替代“a / an +单数可数名词it替代“the +单数名词

2. C。从I really don’t mind.可知,teacoffee两者中任何一种都行。指两者中任一,用either,用both都不,用neither。指两者以上的任一,用any,用all都不,用none

3. B。由I’m afraid (恐怕、对不起)可知,MondayTuesday两天都不行。

4. C。三者中的任一,用any

5. B。根据语境,指你喜欢的任何一天,所以选anyone day指过去或将来的某一天some day指将来的某一天another day另一天、改日

6. C。关键词是allbut

7. C。此处的all=the only thing“惟一的事()”。有时all=everythingAll / Everything I have belongs to you.

8. Aanother后一般只能接单数可数名词,但可跟数词或few +复数名词another two weeks = a further two weeks = two other / more weeks。在19952000年的NMET中都考过another的这种用法。

9. A。考点同8题。another $15就是another 15 dollars

10. Csome…others…一些另一些the other指两者中的另一个some other后必须接名词;没有these others这样的说法。

11. C。句意为:Sarah读过美国作家的许多故事,现在她想读一些别的国家的作家的作品。

12. Dwheat是不可数名词,前三个答案只能指代可数名词,而the rest既可指代可数名词也可指代不可数名词。

13. A。句意为:新的规章制度奏效吗?奏效,几乎没什么书被盗了。none后要加of才对。

14. A。因为not…everything构成部分否定,与前一分句意思相符;而not…anything=nothing,与前一分句意思矛盾;something通常不用于否定句。

15. Cthat=the one=the pleasure。而those=the ones=the pleasures与其后的修饰语不符。此外,that还可替代不可数名词,而one, the one(s), those则不可以。如The weather here is better than that in Beijing.

16. B。尽管后面有一定语从句修饰,但仍须用one,因为onean unforgettable moment的同位语,能替代“a / an +名词的只能是one。又如Cook was a strict but good captain, one who took good care of the sailors on his ship.

17. C。替代“a / an +名词one。此处one= a break

18. Dit替代“the+名词,指前面提到的同一事物,此处指the Parkers所买的那座新房子;one(s)一般只指同类事物。此题若去掉but,就用which

19. A。反身代词作宾语、表语时,须与主语一致;作主语或宾语的同位语时,须与主语或宾语一致。此处,作主语they的同位语,所以用themselves

20. D。此句是Why do you ask me to go and join…?之省略。另外,me还可在简略回答中或感叹疑问句中作主语。如:

(1) —Who wants a ride on my bike? —Me! / Not me!

(2) —I like swimming. —Me too.

(3) —You can tell him. —Me tell him? Not likely!

21. Ablame(责备)是及物动词,排除副词whenhow。该受责备的是打碎玻璃的人,故用who

22. A。指上文提到的事通常用that,指下文将要叙述的事用thisit指时间。

 

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