Alfred Nobel, the great Swedish (1)________ (invent), was born in Stockholm on October 21, 1833, but moved to Russia with his parents in 1842, where his father, Immanuel, (2)________ (make) a strong position for himself in the engineering industry. Immanuel Nobel invented landmine and made a lot of (3)________ from the government during the Crimean War, but went bankrupt(破产) soon after. Then, the family returned to Sweden in 1859, (4)________Alfred began his own study of explosives(炸药) in his father’s lab. He had never been to university but he taught (5)________, and by the time he was twenty, he (6)________ (become) a skillful chemist and excellent linguist, (7)________ (speak) Swedish, Russian, German, French and English. He built up over 80 companies in 20 different countries. He spent much time and money working on how to end the wars, until his death in Italy in 1896. His famous will, in (8)________ he left money to provide prizes (9)________ outstanding work in physics, chemistry, physiology, medicine, literature and peace, is a memorial to his interests and ideas. And so, the man (10)________ (remember) and respected long after his death.
1. inventor。名词作Alfred Nobel的同位语。
5. himself。根据固定搭配teach oneself(自学)可知填himself。
6. had become。by the time引导的时间状语常与过去完成时连用。
10. is remembered。由句意可知用被动语态。