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定语从句之专题一:从定语从句原理可以推导出定语从句的绝大部分规则
作者:高  伟    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2017-07-20    
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分组对比练习

题组15(把定语从句还原为简单句,并以此确定其引导词)

1.This is the school____I once studied.

2. This is the school____is the most famous the city.

3. I am studied at a school____my father teaches English.

还原为陈述句:I once studied at the school.  The school is the most famous in the city.  My school teaches English at the school. 根据对划线部分提问的规则,第13小题填where,第2小题填写that/which

题组16(引导词作主语时,定语从句中谓语的数)

1. She is one of the few girls who _____ in the kindergarten. (1994,上海)

A. is well paid   B.are well paid   C.is paying well   D.are paying well 

分析:one of+名词复数+who+谓语复数。选B

2. Barbara is easy to recognize as she's the only one of the women who _____ evening dress.(2010,全国Ⅱ)

A. wear   B. wears   C. has worn   D. have worn

分析:the only one of +名词复数+who+谓语单数。选B

 

 

. 如何确定介词+which/whom定从中的介词呢?

如何确定介词+which/whom定从中的介词呢?应该把介词+which/whom”还原到定语从句中,以便选择介词。具体讲有两种方法:根据先行词选择介词,根据从句动词选择介词。

根据先行词确定介词,即,介词+名词,构成介词短语。如,

●This is the city in which I lived.I lived in the city→I lived in whichin which I lived

●The pen with which she wrote the letter is lost.she wrote the letter with the pen→she wrote the letter with whichwith which she wrote the letter

注意:复合介词+which”引导的定语从句,常用倒装语序。(此时从句与主句之间用逗号隔开)。如,The old man lived in a small house, in front of which stood a tall tree.(可参看第十二章倒装

根据动词确定介词,即,动词+介词,构成动介短语。如,

●In the dark street, there wasn’t a person to whom she could turn for help.

在黑暗的街道上,她没有一个可以求助的人。(turn to a single person→turn to whom

●The woman about whom I talked at the meeting comes from Beijing.

我在会议上谈到的那位女士来自北京。(talk about the woman→talk about whom

注意:动介短语的固定搭配,介词不能提到句首,只能待在原地。如,

This is the pen which/that I’m looking for.)。This is the pen for which I’m looking.×

 

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