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英语语法陷阱题专题训练——被动语态(有详解)
作者:hmx    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2016/11/15    
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英语语法陷阱题专题训练——被动语态(有详解)

 

1. The president _____ a cool reception when he visited London.

A. gave                                                 B. was given

C. had given                                       D. had been given

2. A red sky in the morning _____ to be a sign of bad weather.

A. says                                                 B. is saying

C. has said                                          D. is said

3 If you go there alone after dark you might get _____.

A. attacked and robbed      B. attacking and robbing

B. to attack and rob         D. to be attacked and robbed

4. What I wanted to know was when and where the meeting ______.

A. was holding                                   B. had held

C. was to hold                                     D. was to be held

5. New medicines and instruments ______ every day to extend life.

A. develop                                           B. are being developed 

C. are developing                              D. have developed

6. I’ll come after the meeting if time ______.

A. permits                                            B. is permitting

C. is permitted                                     D. has permitted

7. The students _____ 50 a year to cover the cost of books and stationery.

A. give                                                  B. are given

C. have given                                     D. to give

8. With the development of science, more new technology _______ to the fields of IT.

A. has introduced                              B. is being introduced

C. is introduced                                  D. was introduced

9.”How about the dishes, Dear?” “The beef didn’t taste very good. It ______ too long.”

A. cooked                                            B. had been cooked

C. was cooked                                    D. had cooked

10. He kept a little notebook, in which ______ the names and addresses of his friends.

A. wrote                                             B. was writing

C. was written                                     D. were written

11. “Look! Everything here is under construction.” “What is the small building that ______for?”

A. is being building                           B. has been built

C. is built                                             D. is being built

12. Hundreds of jobs _______ if the factory closes.

A. lose                                                  B. will be lost

C. are lost                                            D. will lose

13. A red sky in the morning ______ to be a sign of bad weather.

A. says                                                 B. is saying

C. has said                                          D. is said

14. New medicines and instruments ______ every day to extend life.

A. develop                                           B. are being developed

C. are developing                              D. have developed

【答案与解析】

1. B。一方面语意要求要被动语态,另一方面从句时态暗示主句应用一般过去时。

2. D。此句也可说成 It is said that a red sky in the morning is a sign of bad weather.

3. A“get + 过去分词表被动。

4. D,从逻辑上说,会议应是被开,故用被动式。

5. B。从语境上看,develop 不仅要用被动语态,而且要用进行时态。

6. A,该用法中的 permit 为不及物动词,不用被动语态。其中if time permits 也可换成 time permitting

7. B。谓语为 give sb sth 结构的被动语态形式。

8. B。技术应该是引进,故用被动语态;根据语境句子应用现在进行时。

9. B。从句意上看,牛肉应该是煮,故句子要用被动语态;从时间上看,由于句中有 didn’t taste very good,所以煮得太久应该在这一过去时间之前,故用过去完成时。

10. Din which were written the names and addresses…为倒装句式,其正常表达为 the names and addresses of his friends were written in the notebook

11. D。因为 building 应该是被建,故用被动语态;再根据前文的 look, under construction 等信息词可知,此处应用现在进行时态。

12. Bjobslose应为被动关系,故用被动语态;再根据条件状语从句中的一般现在时可知主句以用一般将来时为宜。

13. D。因为主语 a red sky 与谓语动词say之间为被动关系,故用被动语态。

14. B。因为新的药物和器械开发之间为被动关系,故用被动语态。

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