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英语虚拟语气典型考题精练(附详解)
作者:HW-GK    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2016-1-28    
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英语虚拟语气典型考题精练(附详解)

 

注:本专题共10道虚拟语气试题,测试了英语虚拟语气的方方面面,可供自己复习虚拟语气知识用。后面有答案及详解,供参考!

1. I still haven’t thanked Aunt Lucy for her present.

It’s time you _______.

A. Do                       B. did                       C. had                      D. would

2. If I hadn’t been lucky enough to meet you. I really _______ what I would have done.

A. Don’t know          B. hadn’t known        C. wasn’t knowing     D. wouldn’t know

3. He hesitated for a moment before kicking the ball, otherwise he _______ a goal.

A. had scored            B. scored                  C. would score          D. would have scored

4. If only he _______ quietly as the doctor instructed, he would not suffer so much now.

A. lies                      B. lay                       C. had lain                D. should lie

5. Without the air to hold some of the sun’s heat, the earth at night _______ for us to live.

A. would be freezing cold                          B. will be freezing coldly

C. would be frozen cold                             D. can freeze coldly

6. I advised that he _______ to the hospital at once, but he insisted that he _______ quite well then.

A. be sent; was feeling                               B. was sent; felt

C. he sent; feel                                          D. should be sent; should feel

7. _______ for the doctor’s careful treatment, he _______ till last year.

A. If it is not; can’t live                             B. Were it not; couldn’t live

C. Had it not been; couldn’t have lived        D. If they were not; couldn’t live

8. Jane’s pale face suggested that she _______ ill, and her parents suggested that she _______ a medical examination.

A. be; should have                                     B. was; have

C. should be; have                                     D. was; has

9. Without electricity human life _______ quite different today.

A. is                                                         B. will be

C. would have been                                   D. would be

10. —I’m sorry I spent so much money, Dad.

—I wish you _______ so.

A. hadn’t done                                          B. didn’t do

C. haven’t done                                         D. wouldn’t do

【答案详解】

1. BIt’s time you did It’s time you thanked Aunt Lucy for her present 之略。按照英语语法,it’s time 后从句通常要用过去式。

2. A虽然前有虚拟条件句, 后有使用了虚拟语气的宾语,但 I don’t know 却宜用一般现在时,因为 I don’t know 表述的是现在的真实情况,句意为我要不是有幸遇到你,我真不知(指现在不知)我会做出什么蠢事来

3. D这是otherwise 引出的含蓄虚拟语气再根据前面的 hesitated 可进一步知道这是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,由此可推知答案选 D

4. Cif only 意为要是……就好了,其后的句子谓语要用虚拟语气,同时根据 as the doctor instructed 中的过去时态可知从句是与过去事实相反,故选 C

5. Awithout 引出的介词短语为一个与现在事实相反的含蓄条件句。

6. A在表示建议advice, suggest等后的宾语从句的谓语用“(should +)动词原形insist表示坚持认为讲,它的宾语从句的谓语不用虚拟语气。

7. CHad it not been for…=If it had not been for…(要不是因为)表示与过去事实相反的假设。

8. B当动词suggest建议时,后面的宾语从句用(should)+动词原形;当暗示、表明时用陈述语气。

9. Dwithout… 是表示与现在事实相反的含蓄条件句,主句用 would be

10. A wish 后的宾语从句的谓语要用过去式表示虚拟语气。Spent 是过去式,所以 wish 从句是表示与过去事实相反的情况,从句谓语用“had +过去分词

 

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