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英语动词时态用法归纳:过去将来时
作者:HMYYBB    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2015/10/29    
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英语动词时态用法归纳:过去将来时

 

一、基本结构

would+动词原形。

二、基本用法

(1) 表示从过去某一时间来看将要发生的事情。常用于宾语从句中。如:

He said he would come. 他说他要来。

He told us he would go with us. 他告诉我们他会和我们一起去。

They were sure that they would win. 他们坚信他们会赢。

【注】在一定的语境中也可于其他从句或句子中:

It was a problem whether they would support us. 他们是否会支持我们还是一个问题。

It was six o’clock. The sun would soon set. 这时是六点钟。太阳即将落山。

(2) 过去将来时常可用来表示过去习惯性的动作。如:

Whenever he had time, he would help his mother with the housework. 他一有时间就帮妈妈做家务活。

(3) 还可用来表示愿望或倾向。如:

He told me that the machine wouldn’t work. 他告诉我机器开不动。

We knew that he would never permit such a thing. 我们知道他决不会允许发生这样的事。

三、过去将来时间的几种常见表达方式

(1) was (were) going to+动词原形。

表示过去某时准备做某事。如:

Marsha said she was going to have a try. 玛莎说她准备试试。

He was going to leave when I came in. 我进来时他正要离开。

②was going to有时可表示过去未曾实现的想法或打算。如:

I was going to see you last night, but I was too busy. 我昨晚本想去看你的,但太忙了。

(2) was (were)+不定式。

表示定于过去某时将要做某事。如:

He told me that we were to leave at 2:30pm.他告诉我我们下午两点半动身。

He was to meet her at 10 outside the cinema. 他约定和她10点钟在电影院外见面。

若表示过去没有实现或被取消的计划,则用was (were) to+动词完成式。如:

We were to have left at 6 last night. 我们本来计划昨晚6点离开的。

(3)was / were about+不定式在过去正要做某事。如:

I was just about to start when it began to rain. 我正要动身,这是天下起了雨。

The manager was about to leave when his secretary called him back. 经理快要离开时,他的秘书叫住了他。

(4) 用一般过去时表过去将来时。如:

Our teacher told us that school began on September 1. 老师告诉我们九月一号开学。

(5) 用过去进行时表将来时。如:

I didn’t know when you they were coming again.

(6) was (were) due to表示定于过去某时将要做某事。如:

They were due to leave at ten o’clock. 他们定于十点出发。

 

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