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take turns之后不可以接动词不定式吗?
作者:李  翔    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2014/3/22    
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take turns之后不可以接动词不定式吗?  

——兼谈take turns的用法  

     

本站特约作者      

     

有网友在英语答疑网提出如下问题:   

牛津高中英语模三p9有这样一句话:  

The other group members could take turns narrating and holding the pictures. 另外一组的成员可以轮流叙述和举画。  

句中的take turns后面接的是现在分词,但我的笔记上有take turns后接不定式的用法(没有当时抄例句)。  

请问take turns到底是接不定式还是现在分词?若两者都可接,它们有区别吗?  

英语答疑网网名号为my315的认证专家作出如下解答:  

take turns 后面可以接动词的ing形式和“at +动词的ing”,表示轮流做某事的意思。例如:  

He and his wife take turns washing the dishes. 他和他的妻子依次洗刷盘子。(《英汉双解当代美国英语学习词典》第1638页)  

She and Mark took turns at feeding it . 她和马克轮流给它喂食。(《张道真高级英语词典》第1607页)  

我查阅了十多部英美和我国编写的英英词典、英汉词典和英语语法、用法专著,还没有发现take turns 后面接动词不定式的例句。  

(原文见http://ask.yygrammar.com/q-640.html)  

实际上,my315老师的看法还是有市场的,例如李在铭著的《现代英语惯用法词典》(现代出版社19955月第1)P752就认为:  

take turns at doing something (轮流作某事)一语不可以改为take turns to do something  

另外,张道真编著的《现代英语用法词典》(重排本) (外语教学与研究出版社199410月第1)P 1615尽管没有明确表示take turns之后不能接to do something,但所有的例句没有一个是take turns后接to do something的。不知是当时是确实take turns之后不能接to do something,还是认定take turns之后不能接to do something,所以故意没有收录。例如:  

take turns 轮流(做某事)  

I’ll take turns with you at cutting the hedge.  

The tree brother took turns at looking after their sick mother.  

The lawyers take turns at reading the Bible.  

We took turns in guarding the treasure.  

Since we took turns driving, we didn’t find the trip too tiring.  

而实际上,现在take turns之后既可以接(at / in / on) doing something, 也可以接to do something。请看例证:  

1.《朗文当代高级英语辞典》(英英英汉双解)(外语教学与研究出版社20047月第1)P2163  

take turns 又作take it in turns BrE  if many people take turns dong  work or playing a game, they each do it one after the other in order to share work or play fairly.  轮流,依次。 You’ll have to take turns to be captain of the team.  

take turns doing sth.  

We took turns doing the driving on the way up to   Canada  .  

take turns to do sth.  

brainstorming sessions where we took turns to throw in ideas.  

2. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (English۰Chinese) (Fourth Edition)(光盘版)turn2词条:take turns 又作take it in turns BrE   

take turns doing sth.  

The students were taking turns reading aloud.  

take turns in doing sth. BrE  

We took turns in pushing the bike along.  

take turns to do sth.  

Dan and I usually take turns to cook.  

3.《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》(第六版)(商务印书馆 2004 8月第2)P 1903:   

take turns (in sth/to do sth)  ( BrE also take it in turns ) if people take turns or take it in turns to do sth, they do it one after the other to make sure it is done fairly.   

The male and female birds take turns in sitting on the eggs.  

We took it in turns to do the housework.  

4.《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》(7) (商务印书馆 2009 4月第3) P 2175:   

take turns in sth/to do sth  ( BrE also take it in turns ) if people take turns or take it in turns to do sth, they do it one after the other to make sure it is done fairly.   

The male and female birds take turns in sitting on the eggs.  

We took it in turns to do the housework.  

5.   Oxford   Advanced Learner’s Dictionary  8th edition(© Oxford University Press, 2010)  

take turns (in sth/to do sth)  ( BrE also take it in turns )   

if people take turns or take it in turns to do sth, they do it one after the other to make sure it is done fairly.   

The male and female birds take turns in sitting on the eggs.   

We take it in turns to do the housework.   

The kids took turns on the swing.   

6. John SinclairCOBUILD 英汉双解词典》(上海译文出版社 200211月第1) P2107: If two or more people take turns to do something or take it in turns to do something, they do it one after the other, especially this is fair.  

You can take turns paying for evening functions…  

The protesters are taking it in turns to chain themselves to the perimeter fence…  

 They took turns at the same typewriter.  

7.《柯林斯COBUILD高阶英汉双解学习词典》(外语教学与研究出版社 20117月第1) P2862:  39. If two or more people take turns to do something or in British English take it in turns to do something, they do it one after the other several times, rather doing it together.    

We took turns to drive the car…  

Ted and I took it in turns to go into hospital and sit with Emma.  

   

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