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where还是in where
作者:刘青沅    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2013/3/15    
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where还是in where

 

■本站特约作者  刘青沅 

 

有朋友在本站留言提问(问题见www.yygrammar.com/guestbook/Guest_Reply.asp?TopicID=1352):

Mom, what did your doctor say?

He advised me to live _______ the air is fresher. (2006年四川卷)

A. in where             B. in which              C. the place where         D. where

这道题应该选哪一项?我个人认为 A D 项都正确,选 A 项的话 where 引导名词性从句(作介词宾语);选B项那 where 就是引导状语从句,A B 的意思都一样。

这是一个很有趣的问题,这位网友的分析有一定的道理,此题选D无疑是“最正确的”,但选A就“不正确”吗?是否可以认为 where 引导的从句是用作介词 in 的宾语呢?或者认为在 where 之前省略了 a place(即 He advised me to live in a place where the air is fresher.)。

由于这是一道高考题,出自专家之手,所以我们首先不要轻易地说这道题出得不妥或不严谨。于是我们查了手头的一些辞书以及自己平时收集的资料,但遗憾的是,介词 in 后面接where引导的宾语从句的例句子还不真好找,找了半天,只找到下面一个例子:

He has a habit of poking his nose in where it doesn’t belong. 他有个爱打听闲事的习惯。(摘自《当代美国英语学习词典》nose 词条)

不过在“英国国家语料库”(BNC)上倒是查到了一些相关的例子,由于“英语语法网”的编辑老师说,只有正式出版的英美原版词典和语法书上的例句才能“以此为据”,BNC上的例句只能供参考,所以其说服力还不是太强,在此笔者请各位朋友提供有关辞书上的例句,对此问题作进一步的探讨。

附:在“英国国家语料库”(BNC)上输入 in where 查到的一些相关的例子:

“Fit me in where you need,” said Sara.

Not her national monument I told her, and she shouldn't come poking her nose in where it wasn't wanted.

The weaving yarn is only caught in where the card changes from blanks to punched holes or vice versa.

The equipment was usually quite well protected, but the wind was driving rain in where it usually did not reach.

He didn't bother too much where the flag was, he was just interested in where he was going to land the ball.

I am not that interested in where the jobs that make the product are located, but I have sympathy with tobacco workers.

There are, moreover, serious complications in the view taken by the later tradition, complications which clearly arise from an attempt to fit Abdulkerim in where he does not belong.

Third, there is a distinct difference in where and how this recession has struck: while the 1980–81 recession hit deep in manufacturing, this recession has hit the South East and the service sector.

There is a subtle but very real difference in where you place the emphasis, and the interviewer will not then automatically make the assumption that there was something lacking in you which caused you to be made redundant.

Susan explained as well as she could that at present they wouldn't want any help, whereupon the visitor bristled and announced that she was ‘Blunt by name, and blunt by nature’, and knew better than to push herself in where she wasn't wanted!

 

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