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语法陷阱题800例-强调句
作者:HMX    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2012-6-6    
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5. It was what he meant rather than what he said ______ annoyed me.

A. which                                                  B. as

C. what                                                    D. that

【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。

【分析】此题为一个强调句型,空格处应填 that (即选D),被强调成分为 what he meant rather than what he said。句意为让我生气的不是他说的话,而是他话中的意思。请再看两例:

(1) It was his nervousness in the interview ______ probably lost him the job.

A. which      B. since     C. that         D. what

答案选C,为强调句型,被强调成分为 his nervousness in the interview,句意为很可能是面试时表现出紧张,使他失去了这份工作

(2) It is the ability to do the job ______ matters not where you come from or what you are.

A. one        B. that       C. what        D. it

答案选B,为强调句型,被强调成分为 the ability to do the job,句意为重要的是你做工作的能力,而不是你来自何地或你是从事什么工作的

6. It was in the small house ______ was built with stones by his father ______ he spent his childhood.

A. which, that                                           B. that, which

C. which, which                                        D. that, where

【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选,主要是分不清为强调句型,或即使分清为强调句型,也分不清强调哪一个成分。

【分析】答案选A,第一空填 which,用以引导定语从句;第二空填that,为强调句的结构词,被强调部分为 in the small house (以及修饰它的定语从句 which was built with stones by his father)。此题难就难在强调句型中套用了定语从句。请再看类似例子:

(1) It was the boy _____ had been in prison _____ stole the money.

A. who, where                                          B. that, how

C. who, that                                              D. that, which

此题答案选C,全句为强调句,被强调成分是 the boy (以及修饰它的定语从句who had been in prison)

(2) It was just in the room _____ he was born _____ he died.

A. where, which                                        B. that, that

C. where, that                                           D. which, that

此题答案选C,全句为强调句,被强调成分是 in this roomwhere he was born 为修饰 the room 的定语从句。

7. Was it five o’clock ______the fire broke out?(www.yygrammar.com)

A. when                                                   B. that

C. which                                                  D. in which

【陷阱】容易误选B,误认为这是强调句。

【分析】其实,此题应选A,这不是强调句。因为在强调句中,若去掉强调句的结构词 it is [was]…that…,句子结构仍然完整,但此句不是这样,若去掉结构词,即为 Five o’clock the fire broke out,句子不完整,但若在five o’clock前加上介词at则可以,因为 at five o’clock 用作时间状语。此题选A可分析为:it 表时间,when the fire broke out 为时间状语从句,全句意为火灾是5点钟发生的吗?”比较下面一题(答案选B,为强调句):

Was it at five o’clock ______the fire broke out?

A. when                                                   B. that

C. which                                                  D. in which

 

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