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语法陷阱题800例—非谓语动词
作者:HMX    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2012-6-6    
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(5) Which do you enjoy ____ your weekend, swimming or fishing?

A. spending                                              B. being spent

C. spend                                                   D. to spend

答案选 Denjoy 的宾语是句首的疑问词 which不是其后的动词 spending。此题中的 to spend… 用作目的状语。

(5) What the boy enjoys _____ to have a room of his own.

A. being                                                   B. to be

C. is                                                         D. are

答案选C,而不选Awhat the boy enjoys 是主语从句,空格处填的 is 为谓语动词。

(6) Nothing that he suggested _____ to be of any use.

A. prove      B. proved       C. proving       D. to prove

答案选B,而不选C。句子主语是 nothingthat he suggested 是修饰主语的定语从句,suggested 的宾语是引导该定语从句的关系代词 that,而不是其后的动词;句子谓语是 proved。全句意为他建议的情况没有一条是有用的。

(7) The old house we paid a visit _____ at the top of the hill.

A. standing                                               B. to stand

C. to standing                                           D. to stands

答案选Dwe paid a visit to 是修饰the old house 的定语从句,句中的stands 为主句谓语。

(8) The life he is now used _____ quite different from ours.

A. is                                                        B. to be

C. to being                                               D. to is

答案选D。句中he is now used to 是修饰 the life 的定语从句,to 后的动词 is 是句子的谓语,句意为他现在习惯的这种生活与我们的生活很不相同

(9) The work he paid special attention _____ to nothing.

A. came                                                   B. to come

C. to coming                                             D. to came

答案选D。句中的he paid special attention to 是修饰 the work 的定语从句,to 后的动词 came 是句子的谓语,句意为他特别关注的那项工作泡汤了

(10) The result what he said would lead _____ his regret in the future.

A. is                                                        B. to be

C. to being                                               D. to was

答案选D。句中what he said would lead to 是修饰 the result 的定语从句,to 后的动词 was 是句子的谓语,句意为他所说的话将导致的结果是他今后的后悔

15. _______ the road round to the right and you’ll find his house.

A. Follow                                                 B. Following

C. To follow                                             D. Followed

【陷阱】容易误选BC,误认为这是非谓语动词作状语。

【分析】正确答案选A。根据句中的连词and 可推知它是一个并列句。假若将此题改为下面这样,则答案为B

_______ the road round to the right, you’ll find his house.

A. Follow                                                 B. Following

C. To follow                                             D. Followed

但是,若改成下面一题这样,则答案为C(不定式短语表目的)

_______ the road round to the right, the blind man asked a boy to guide him.

A. Follow                                                 B. Following

C. To follow                                             D. Followed

请做以下试题,答案均选A,都是因为句中的并列连词 and(填空句为祈使句):

(1) _______ to the top of the hill, and you can see the whole of the town.

A. Get                                                      B. To get

C. Getting                                                D. Having got

(2) ______ the milk and set a good example to the other children.

A. Drink                                                  B. To drink

C. Drinking                                              D. Having drinking

(3) ______ me, and then try to copy what I do.

A. Watch                                                  B. Watching

C. To watch                                              D. Have watching

(4) _____ through this book and tell me what you think of it.

A. Look                                                   B. Looking

C. To look                                                D. Having looked

(5) _____ it with me and I’ll see what I can do.

A. Leave                                                  B. Leaving

C. If you leave                                          D. When left

 

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