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重点中学英语语法讲义-代词
作者:柯帕斯    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2012/5/30    
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as 引导非限制性定语从句作主语时,其谓语通常应是连系动词,而不宜是其他动词,而 which则无此限制:

She has married again, as [which] seemed natural. 她又结婚了,这似乎很自常。

She has married again, which delighted us. 她又结婚了,这使我们很高兴。(不用as)

5. whowhom的用法区别。两者均只用于人,从理论上说,who 为主格,whom为宾格:

Where’s the girl who sells the tickets? 卖票的女孩在哪里?

The author whom you criticized in your view has written a letter in reply. 你在评论中批评的那个作者已写了一封回信。

但实际上,除非在正式文体中,宾格关系代词 whom 往往省略不用,或用whothat代之:

The man (that, who, whom) you met just now is called Jim. 你刚遇见的那个人叫吉姆。

不过,在以下几种情况值得注意:

(1) 直接跟在介词后面作宾语时,只能用 whom,而且不能省略:

She brought with her three friends, none of whom I had ever met before. 她带了3个朋友来,我以前都没见过。

(2) 引导非限制性定语从句且作宾语时,who whom均可用,但以用 whom 为佳,此时也不能省略:

This is Jack, who [whom] you haven’t met before. 这是杰克,你以前没见过。

十一、高考仿真题精编

1. If you want a double room that will cost ______ 15.

A. other         B. another       C. the other      D. others

2. He was holding the wheel with one hand and waving with _____.

A. others        B. the other      C. another       D. the others

3. It was an enormous ship; there were no _____ than a thousand cars on it.

A. more         B. longer        C. fewer         D. larger

4. She lost her book and borrowed one from ______ of the girls.

A. other         B. others        C. another        D. the others

5. They’re all free — take ____ you like.

A. it            B. either         C. any           D. all

6. Very few people, if _____ still support this idea.

A. some         B. none          C. all           D. any

7. There are four bedrooms, ______ with its own bathroom.

A. all           B. each          C. every         D. either

8. You can get there by plane or by boat, but in ______ case it’s very expensive.

A. which        B. this           C. any           D. either

9. The classroom is almost empty, where is ______? )

A. someone      B. anyone        C. everyone       D. no one

10. ______ likes money, but money is not ______.

A. Everyone, everything            B. Anyone, anything

C. Someone, nothing               D. Nobody, everything

11. Her lecture was hard to follow because she kept jumping from one subject to ______.

A. the other       B. others        C. the others       D. another

12. Your mother would never allow it, and for that matter, _______ would I.

A. so            B. as            C. neither         D. the same

13. I’m afraid we can’t have coffee; there’s ______ left.

A. nothing        B. none         C. no one          D. no any

14. People in the south of England speak in a different way from _____ in the north.

A. that           B. who          C. whom          D. people

15. Why shouldn’t I buy a new coat — I haven’t bought _______ for five years.

A. it             B. that          C. one             D. which

 

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