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《中学英语短语与句型词典》摘录
作者:admin    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2011-03-19    
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absence n.不在,缺席

1. in the absence of…

(1) 在缺乏……的情况下

Plants can’t exist in the absence of oxygen, nor can animals. 植物在无氧情况下不能生存,动物也是一样。

In the absence of any further evidence the police were unable to solve the murder. 由于缺乏更确实的证据,警方破不了这宗谋杀案。

(2) 当……不在时

In the absence of the boss, I shall be in charge. 老板不在时,由我负责。

In the absence of their teacher the class was in a state of anarchy. 教师不在,班上一片混乱。

2. absence of mind 心不在焉

Absence of mind is altogether an involuntary thing. 发愣是完全出自无意识了。

His absence of mind during driving nearly caused an accident. 他驾车时心不在焉, 几乎肇祸。

absent adj. 缺席,不在

1. be absent from 不在,缺席

He was absent from the meeting. 他没有参加会议。

He’s been absent from school for three days. 他已经三天没有来学校上课了。

2. absent oneself from 做某事缺席

He absented himself from the meeting. 他开会缺席。

Why did you absent yourself from class yesterday? 你昨天为什么没来上课?

accent n. 口音,音调

the accent is on sth 重点在于某事

The accent of the report is on safety. 报告的重点是安全。

In all our products the accent is on quality. 在我们一切产品中最重视的就是质量。

accident n.事故,意外的事

1. by accident 偶然地,意外地

I met her purely by accident. 我遇见她纯属意外。

He made this mistake by accident. 他犯这个错误纯属偶然。

2. by accident of 因为……的机会,由于……的运气

By accident of birth, she was rich. 她有幸生在有钱人家。

3. without accident平安无事地

The night passed without accident. 那一夜平安无事地过去了。

The ship arrived in Shanghai without accident. 船平安到达了上海。

according as conj.根据,取决于(后接从句)

The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. 温度表随着空气的冷热而下降或上升。

You will be praised or blamed according as your work is good or bad. 根据你工作的好坏,你会得到表扬或批评。

according to prep.按照,根据

1. 按照(法律、规章、规定、惯例、情况、办法)

The books are placed on the shelves according to the authors. 这些书是按作家上架的。

According to the new school regulations, no winter vacation will be given this year. 根据新的校规,今年不放寒假。

2. 根据(某主义、某学说、某书刊、某人所说)

According to the weather forecast, we shall have rain tomorrow. 根据天气预报,明日有雨。

According to George, she’s a really good teacher. 按照乔治的说法,她是一位真正的好教师。

3. 随着……(比例、程度的不同而作相应的)变更

We will be paid according to the amount of work we do. 我们的工资随工作量而定。

Take one to three tablets, according to the severity of the pain. 根据痛苦轻重程度,吃一到三片。

【注意】according to不与opinionview一类的词连用。另外,according to作为介词,其后原则上只接名词或代词,不接句子;若接句子,则用according as。但是,对于那些由what, which, whether, how, when, where等引导的句子,其前要用according to,不用according as。如:

He is an honest businessman, according to what everyone says. 根据大家所说,他是位诚实的商人。

The amount of tax people pay varies according to where they live. 居住地不同,人们所交的税额也各不相同。

 

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