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It is the first time…类结构只能后接完成时态吗?
作者:李  翔    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2010-6-13    
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It is the first time…类结构只能后接完成时态吗?

 

本站特约作者   

 

郭长经主编《学生英语答疑解难手册》(金盾出版社20043月第1)p814

问:It is the first time +从句的结构中,从句应该用什么时态?

答:It is the first time +从句的结构中,从句用现在完成时。It was  the first time +从句的结构中,从句用过去完成时。没有别的时态。例如:It is the first time that Mr Smoth has visited China. 这是史密斯先生第一次到中国来游览。

It was the first time that Mr Smoth has visited China. 译文同上。

句型中主句it 可以用thisthat,序数词first也可根据句意改变其他序数词。例如:This is the third time that Mr Smoth has visited the Summer Palace. 这是史密斯先生第三次游览颐和园。

That was the fourth time that Mr Smoth has visited the Summer Palace. 这是史密斯先生第四次游览长城。

赵振才编著《初高中英语考点难点详解词典》(黑龙江人民出版社200210月第1) p937

【问】—Do you know our town at all? No, it is the first time I ____ here.

A. was   B. have been   C. came  D. am coming  (全国高考,9222)

我选了C,对吗?

【答】This is the first (second, third, …) time这个结构要求后面使用现在完成时,This was the first (second, third, ) time这个结构要求后面使用过去完成时。 例如:… 当主句为将来时(It/This/That will be the first time)时,从句要用将来完成时,但用现在完成时来代替:…

 

从以上可以看出两书均认为It / This / That + be + the first (second, third, ) time之中只能使用完成时态。然而最近出版的王福祯老师主编的《薄冰英语惯用法词典》(商务印书馆国际有限公司20091月北京第1) p1179却认为:“It is (was) the first (second, third, fourth, etc.) time + (that) 从句”句型中,从句常用现在完成时或过去完成时,也可以用一般过去时。如果表示动作正在进行,也可用进行时。例如: You know”, he told the guard, “that’s the first time I ever touched a real flower.”

实际上It / This / That + be + the first (second, third, …) time… 之中除使用完成时态以外,还可以使用其他时态。这一点从著名语言学家Michael Swan所著得Practical English Usage (Third Edition) 中可以得到证实:

Practical English Usage (Third Edition) p586:

Present (simple or progressive) and future tense are both possible with This is the last … and similar structures:

This is the last time I pay / I’m paying for you. (Or This is the last time I’ll pay for you. )

再请看英美语中的真实例证:

1. Lingoes ( http://www.lingoes.cn/) 之“句酷双语例句”:(Agence France-Presse, Busan, South Korea, 23rd) - North Korea's athletes arrived in Busan today for the Asian Games. It is the first time that North Korea athletes attend an international sporting event in South Korea.(法新社南韩釜山二十三日电)北韩选手今天抵达釜山参加亚运,这是北韩首次参加在南韩举办的国际运动比赛。

2. BNC (英国国家语料库http://www.natcorp.ox.ac.uk)BUY-BNC BRTISH NATIONAL CORPUS (UK,1980s-1993) (Mark Davies, Brigham Young University ) http://corpus.byu.edu/bnc/

This is the first time we actually feel sympathy for Blanche because she is so upset by the death of her husband.

I think it is the first time he actually worked hard.

This is the first time that the two companies will provide a total supply and maintenance contract for ARAMCO, …

, it is the first time you realise that there are places like ours that you can go,…

It is the first time I have an internal examination.

But this is the first time that RA members are being so actively encouraged to trespass.

This is the first time that the paintings will be shown as a group outside the Hermitage.

“This is the first time you really see everything,” he told The Art Newspaper.

That is the last time I shall put myself at a loss or disadvantage for her, she decided, unable as she was to thank me.

This is the last time I'll be part of these people.

Barry is ready for his hols so this is the last time we will see the talking sweater in action.

I fear that this is the last time we shall ever see each other.

This was the last time they saw him.

That was the last time we spoke.

It was the last time Endill would believe anything a teacher told him.

It was the last time Kenneth ever saw Rory.

It was the last time we were ever to see him alive.

It was the first time I was able to say it.

It was the first time we made a connection.

That was the first time I was to see pain and suffering at close quarters.

This was the first time that everyone else on the station at that time became aware of the danger,…

 

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