|作者：李 翔 文章来源：本站原创 点击数： 更新时间：2009/12/19||
本站特约作者 李 翔
看法之一《薄冰高级英语语法》(世界知识出版社2002年9月第7次印刷) 第16.8节“状语从句”：方式状语从句(adverbial clause of manner)：方式状语从句表示动作的方式，其所用的关联词有 as, as if, as though, the way, how 等，多位于主句之后。例：(143)He looks as if he’s tired. 他像是累了。
我们认为 He looks as if he’s tired. 中的 as if 引导的从句不宜分析为方式状语从句，而应分析为表语从句。因为 look 在此为系动词，而非实义动词，它后面应接表语，意义才完整。另外，《薄冰高级英语语法》认为“方式状语从句表示动作的方式”，而He looks as if he’s tired.中根本没有“动作”动词，所以也就无所谓“动作的方式”。
I feel as if / as though I’m floating on air. 我感到好像漂浮在空中一样。
注意：也可以用在 it 结构后面：
It sounds as if / as though the situation will get worse. 听起来好像情况会恶化似的。
It feels as if / as though it’s going to rain. (i.e. I feel that this is going to happen) 这天气给人的感觉好像是就要下雨了。(即我感觉这事即将发生。)
我们认为说“方式状语从句在动词 be (是，feel (感觉)，look (看) seem (好像)，smell (闻)，sound(听起来)，taste (尝起来) 等后面也可以由连词as if和as though来引导”似乎不妥，因为be (是)，feel (感觉)，look (看)，seem (好像)，smell (闻)，sound (听起来)，taste (尝起来)等都是连系动词，它们后面接的 as if / as though 从句应是表语从句，而不是方式状语从句。
实际上，中外的语法专家几乎都一致认为上述提到的动词 be (是)等之后所跟的as if / as though 从句是方式状语从句，而不是表语从句。请看例证：
1. 张克礼在《英语语法难题集释》(天津人民出版社 1988年9月第1版)p455上进行了明确的阐述：
问：You look as if you slept badly. 中 as if 引导的是状语从句还是表语从句？
Quirk在谈到这类从句时说as if 和as though引导表示有假设情况的比较状语从句( as if and as though introduce adverbial clause indicating comparison with some hypothetical circumstance.—p755 )
He looks as if he’s sick: fetch the doctor.
Curme 说：它们(动词look, seem 和be)不是连系动词(copulas)，而是全动词(full verbs)(p.282):
He looks(=have an appearance, acts) as if he were going through a great crisis.
They seemed(=seemed to act) as if they had never missed Sylvia.
It seemed to me(=impressed me) as if they had never missed Sylvia.
It was(seemed) almost as if people had sensed at once that she could never be held accountable for what she said and did.
Palmer 也认为在这种结构中 be, look, seem为实义动词，并与其他可用于这种句型的实义动词相提并论，说这种句型主要动词有：act, appear, be, behave, feel, look, seem, sound, talk, taste, treat(sy. 或sg.)(p.283)：
It looks (behaves, seems, etc.) as if it were here. (it would rain, etc.)
Kruisinga 也认为as if-从句为比较状语从句：
And it certainly looks as if something dreadful would happen to Miss Thong.(Part II, 3 p.413 )
与此相似， “It seems，etc. that ”结构中的seems等也是实义动词。that-从句为主语从句，it为形式主语。Hornby说that-从句出现在seem， appear, happen, chance和 fellow后时，前面的it为先行it(introductory it)(p.23):
It would seem (that) the rumours have some truth in them.
It appears (that) the plane did not land at
It seemed (to me) (that) you’re not really interested.
Could it be that the sound of her heart beat is vital factor? (English Through Reading p.32)
It may be that in having that I am really wise.(ib., p.131)
It cannot be that he was speaking falsely for he was a god and can not lie.(ib., p.132)
It seems (=appears to be true) as if there will be an election soon.(p.1007)
It would seem that there is no way out of our difficulty. (ib.)
It appears (=seems to be true)(that) she will win.(=It appears as if she will win.)(p.39)
It’s (as a connecting verb) as if we had never even started.(p.77)
It seems doubtful that he will be on time. (Liles p.123)
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