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everyone 之后不可以接of短语吗?
作者:李  翔    文章来源:作者投稿    点击数:    更新时间:2009/8/7    
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everyone 之后不可以接of短语吗?

 

◆江苏省丰县首羡镇逸夫中学   

 

挑刺书名:《英语常见问题解答大词典》(增订版)

出版单位:世界图书西安出版公司

    号:7-5062-5631

出版时间:20053月第1

 

赵振才主编《英语常见问题解答大词典》(增订版) (世界图书西安出版公司20053月第1)p440

【问】《大学英语·精读》第二册(上海外语教育出版社,p58)有这样一道练习题(用括号中所给词的适当形式填空)

His __________ (surprise) recovery delighted everyone of us.

【答】everyone of us的用法是错误的。F. T. Wood指出:“Even for people two words must be used when the sense is ‘every single one’.LDCE则进一步指出Everyone (or everybody) can only be used of people and is never followed by ‘of’。由此看出,从语义上说,当指“每一单个的人”时,必须用every one;从惯用法说,everyone之后绝不可以跟’of’,而必须用every one of的结构。

笔者认为以上说法太绝对了,无论在过去还是现在的在英语中everyone之后跟of短语的例句还是客观存在的,例如在The Random House Dictionary of the English language(Oxford University Press, 1973/1987)R. A. Close 著的A reference grammar for students of English ( Eighth impression 1985  Printed in Hong Kong) 就分别含有everyone之后跟of短语的例句:

Everyone of his family will go. (RHD)

Only everyone, not everybody, will occur in everyone of them (us, you). (Close)

其次,美国英语中,在1920s1970s期间,也不乏everyone之后跟of短语的例句,例如:

“TIME corpus of American English” (1923-2007) (Mark Davies, Brigham Young University ) (http://corpus.byu.edu/time) 就给出了以下例句:

1952-11-07…he said, “the consequences of this misplaced trust come home to everyone of us in the war in Korea.”…

1956-08-14  … Trees are budding and flowers are in bloom; let everyone of us dress up, and compete with the beautiful spring…

1926-02-24... I haven’t any doubt but that everyone of you jurymen is prejudiced.

1948-08-12 We don’t follow that custom any more, but I hope that everyone of you, some time today, will read that document

1929-04-22… “of a dozen or more the Senator” saw, “but everyone of them could no doubt hit the ground with his hat…

1931-10-05.... There were ten reporters on the story and everyone of them helped me.

1976-03-08 The difference between them and me is that everyone of them thinks he knows more than I.

 

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