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英语动词时态详解:过去完成时
作者:陈根花    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2008/5/16    
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3. He kept looking at her, wondering whether he ______her somewhere.

A. saw                      B. has seen                C. sees                      D. had seen

分析:D。因为由语境可知,see应当发生在kept looking之前,即过去的过去,所以用过去完成时,只有D正确。又如:

When I had opened the windows I sat down and had a cup of tea. 我打开窗户后,就坐下来喝了一杯茶。

When I had written my letters I did some gardening. 我写完信之后,就在花园里干了点活儿。

When he had shut the window we opened the door of the cage. 他关了窗户之后,我们把笼门打开了。

4. She ______her hairstyle in her hometown before she came to Chongqing for a better job.

A. would change        B. has changed          C. changed                D. was changing

分析:C。由came可知,她已来重庆了,而改变发型是在来重庆之前,即过去的过去,按理要用过去完成时,但before已经表明紧接着发生的先后两个动作,所以也可用一般过去时,所以选C

5. He ______more than 5000 English words when he entered the university at the age of 15.

A. has learned           B. would have learned C. learned                D. had learned

分析:D。因为上大学是过去,学了5千个英语单词是在上大学之前,即“过去的过去”,所以用过去完成时。

6. Father ______for London on business upon my arrival, so I didn’t see him.

A. has left                 B. left                       C. was leaving           D. had left

分析:D。由“我没见到他”可知,“在我到达”前“父亲已经去伦敦”了,即父亲去伦敦发生在“过去的过去”,用过去完成时。

7. The policeman’s attention was suddenly caught by a small box which ______ placed under the Minister’s car.

A. has been               B. was being             C. had been               D. would be

分析:C因为这个小盒子“被放在部长车下”发生在“引起警察注意”之前,即“过去的过去”,所以用过去完成时

8. Susan decided not to work on the program at home because she didn’t want her parents to know what she ______.

A. has done               B. had done               C. was doing             D. is doing

分析:Cdecideddidn’t want都是过去式,排除选项AD; 因“做”发生在“决定”之后,而不是之前,不能用过去完成时,排除选项B

9. —Hurry up! Alice and Sue are waiting for you at the school gate.

—Oh ! I thought they ______ without me.

A. went                    B. are going              C. have gone             D. had gone

分析:D因为thought(原以为)是过去,他们“走了”就是“过去的过去”,所以用过去完成时。

10. They ______ on the program for almost one week before I joined them, and now we ______ it as no good results have come out so far.

A. had been working; are still working        B. had worked; were still working

C. have been working; have worked            D. have worked; are still working

分析:A。在I joined them之前,就是“过去的过去”,要用过去完成时或过去完成进行时,排除选项CD; now和“到目前还没有结果”可知,现在仍在进行这项工作,用现在进行时,排除选项B

11. The coffee is wonderful! It doesn’t taste like anything I ______ before.

A. was having           B. have                     C. have ever had        D. had ever had

分析:C。与before连用,用现在完成时。再说,此处没有一个过去时间或动作作比较,是不能用过去完成时的。

 

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